Ethnography in Modern Languages and Cultures Research (session details and recordings)

Session leaders: Dr Naomi Wells and Dr Ainhoa Montoya

Session 1: Ethnography and Modern Languages and Cultures (Wednesday 19 January 2022, 2-3pm)

Session 2: Ethnographic Fieldwork (Wednesday 26 January 2022, 2-3pm)

These sessions will introduce researchers to theories and methods associated with ethnography. The first session will focus on what ethnographic praxis can bring to languages and cultures research more broadly, particularly in terms of epistemology and researcher reflexivity. The second session will focus on ethnographic fieldwork methods and experiences, including different approaches to ethnographic research as well as practical advice and guidance. 

Key reading for Session 1:

Jordan, S.A., 2002. Ethnographic Encounters: The Processes of Cultural Translation. Language and Intercultural Communication 2, 96–110.

Wells, N., Forsdick, C., Bradley, J., Burdett, C., Burns, J., Demossier, M., de Zárate, M.H., Huc-Hepher, S., Jordan, S., Pitman, T., Wall, G., 2019. Ethnography and Modern Languages. Modern Languages Open 2019.

Key reading for Session 2:

Gupta, A. and Ferguson, J., 1997. Discipline and Practice: “The Field” as Site, Method, and Location in Anthropology. In Gupta, A. and Ferguson, J. Anthropological Locations: Boundaries and Grounds of a Field Science. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Marcus, G.E., 1995. Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-Sited Ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology 24, 95–117.

Introduction to Ethnography - Dr Naomi Wells


Blommaert, Jan. Dialogues with Ethnography: Notes on Classics, and How I Read Them. Multilingual Matters, 2018.

Mullings, Beverley. “Insider or Outsider, Both or Neither: Some Dilemmas of Interviewing in a Cross-Cultural Setting.” Geoforum, vol. 30, no. 4, 1999, pp. 337–50, doi:10.1016/S0016-7185(99)00025-1.

Puri, Shalini. “Finding the Field: Notes on Caribbean Cultural Criticism, Area Studies, and the Forms of Engagement.” Theorizing Fieldwork in the Humanities, edited by Debra A. Castillo and Shalini Puri, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp. 29–50.

Rampton, Ben, et al. “Theory and Method in Linguistic Ethnography.” Linguistic Ethnography: Interdisciplinary Explorations, by Julia Snell et al., Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, pp. 14–50.

Ethnography, Cultural Translation and Modern Languages - Dr Naomi Wells


Asad, T. ‘The Concept of Cultural Translation in British Social Anthropology.’ In Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, edited by James Clifford and George E. Marcus, California University Press,  1986, .pp.  141–64.

Clifford, James. “Introduction: Partial Truths.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, edited by James Clifford and George E. Marcus, California University Press, 1986, pp. 1–26.

Jordan, Shirley Ann. “Ethnographic Encounters: The Processes of Cultural Translation.” Language and Intercultural Communication, vol. 2, no. 2, 2002, pp. 96–110, doi:10.1080/14708470208668079.

Kelly, Michael. “Le Regard de l’étranger : What French Cultural Studies Brings to French Cultural History.” French Cultural Studies, edited by Nicholas Hewitt, vol. 25, no. 3–4, 2014, pp. 253–61, doi:10.1177/0957155814543894.

Tremlett, Annabel, et al., editors. Learning and Using Languages in Ethnographic Research. Multilingual Matters, 2020.

The Field in Ethnographic Research - Dr Ainhoa Montoya

Doing Ethnographic Fieldwork - Dr Ainhoa Montoya

Digital Ethnography - Dr Naomi Wells


Association of Internet Researchers. Ethics.

Androutsopoulos, J. 2008. Potentials and limitations of discourse-centered online ethnography. Language@Internet 5.

Boellstorff, T. (Ed). 2012. Ethnography and Virtual Worlds: A Handbook of Method. Princeton University Press, 2012.

Fielding, N., Lee, R.M., Blank, G. (Eds.), 2016. The SAGE handbook of online research methods. SAGE.

Hine, C., 2000. Virtual ethnography. SAGE.

Hjorth, L. (2019). The Routledge companion to digital ethnography. Routledge.

Jones, R.H., Chik, A., Hafner, C.A. (Eds.), 2015. Discourse and digital practices: doing discourse analysis in the digital age. Routledge.

Kozinets, R. V. 2015. Netnography: Redefined. SAGE.

Marwick, A. E., and danah boyd. 2011. ‘I Tweet Honestly, I Tweet Passionately: Twitter Users, Context Collapse, and the Imagined Audience’. New Media & Society, 13(1), 114–33. doi:10.1177/1461444810365313.

Miller, D., and Slater, D. 2000. The Internet: An Ethnographic Approach. Berg.

Pink, S., Horst, H.A., Postill, J., Hjorth, L., Lewis, T., Tacchi, J. (Eds.), 2016. Digital ethnography: principles and practice. SAGE.

Tagg, C., Lyons, A., Hu, R., Rock, F., 2017. The ethics of digital ethnography in a team project. Applied Linguistics Review 8.

Varis, P. 2016. Digital ethnography. In Georgakopoulou, Alexandra & Tereza Spilioti (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication. Routledge, 55-68.

Last modified: Friday, 28 January 2022, 3:38 PM