Digital Tools Glossary

Digital Tools Glossary

Most specialist terms are explained the first time they occur, but here are a few which are only mentioned in passing:

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Parent the immediate ancestor element of another element


Parse to read the structure of an XML document, element by element; any XML-aware software needs to parse the document before acting upon it

Parsed character data

Parsed character data text that is read by the XML editor or other software; this means that any characters which are part of XML syntax, such as & or < will need to be rendered as entities if they are to be represented literally 

Plain text

Plain text:  text without any markup. Note that text in word processors, such as Word, does have markup – you just can’t see it.

Processing instruction

Processing instruction an element that takes the form <? … ?>, which calls upon software to act – for example by referring to another file, such as a stylesheet