Digital Tools Glossary

Digital Tools Glossary

Most specialist terms are explained the first time they occur, but here are a few which are only mentioned in passing:

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Character data

Character data text that is ignored by the XML editor or other software; this means that characters such as & or < will be ignored and need not be rendered as entities


Child the immediate descendant of an element, i.e. an element nested directly within another

Closing tag

Closing tag the second part of an element, denoted by a forward slash after the opening angle bracket, eg  </body>


codepoint a unique number that defines a character and the number of bytes needed to encode it


concatenation the joining together of multiple things: strings, variables, files, etc.


Crowdsourcing the use of volunteers to contribute to a research project