Digital Tools Glossary


Digital Tools Glossary

Most specialist terms are explained the first time they occur, but here are a few which are only mentioned in passing:

Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

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A

Ancestor

Ancestor a collective term for the elements within which a child element is nested; thus the root element is the ancestor of every other element in an XML file

Entry link: 
  Ancestor

assign

assign to assign a variable is to give it a value

Entry link: 
  assign

Attribute

Attribute a container for information about the contents of an element, held in an opening tag,  separated from the element name by a space and followed by an equal sign, eg. <date style=”new style”>; elements can have multiple attributes

Entry link: 
  Attribute

Attribute value

Attribute value attributes are fixed but their values can vary in each instance, they follow the equal sign and must be within quotation marks, eg <person id=”123456”>

Entry link: 
  Attribute value

B

Boolean

Boolean a data format in Python that can only have the values true or false. More generally, Boolean operators create logical structures by combining statements with and, not and or.

Entry link: 
  Boolean

C

Character data

Character data text that is ignored by the XML editor or other software; this means that characters such as & or < will be ignored and need not be rendered as entities

Entry link: 
  Character data

Child

Child the immediate descendant of an element, i.e. an element nested directly within another

Entry link: 
  Child

Closing tag

Closing tag the second part of an element, denoted by a forward slash after the opening angle bracket, eg  </body>

Entry link: 
  Closing tag

codepoint

codepoint a unique number that defines a character and the number of bytes needed to encode it

Entry link: 
  codepoint

concatenation

concatenation the joining together of multiple things: strings, variables, files, etc.

Entry link: 
  concatenation

Crowdsourcing

Crowdsourcing the use of volunteers to contribute to a research project

Entry link: 
  Crowdsourcing

D

Descendant

Descendant an element nested inside another, at however deep a level – so all other elements in an XML document are descendants of the root element

Entry link: 
  Descendant

DocBook

DocBook an XML format for encoding books and papers

Entry link: 
  DocBook

DTD

DTD Document Type Definition, a declaration which specifies which elements and attributes are allowed in an XML file, and how they can be used

Entry link: 
  DTD

E

EAD

EAD (Encoded Archival Description) an XML markup scheme for encoding archival finding aids

Entry link: 
  EAD

EEBO

EEBO (Early English Books Online) a project to photograph all books published in England or English between the beginning of printing and 1700. Originally a microfilm product, EEBO is now published on the web by ProQuest.

Entry link: 
  EEBO

EEBO-TCP

EEBO-TCP a project to take a selection of page images from EEBO and produce lightly encoded TEI-conformant XML transcriptions of the texts

Entry link: 
  EEBO-TCP

Element

Element a discrete piece of markup, usually consisting of an opening and closing tag

Entry link: 
  Element

Entity reference

Entity reference an encoding for a particular character that begins with & and ends with a semi-colon, eg  &amp;. Used in HTML for reserved characters, they also have wider applications.

Entry link: 
  Entity reference

J

Join

Join a database manipulation technique to combine multiple tables into a new table

Entry link: 
  Join


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