To provide students with some guidelins for transcription

2. Transcription @ InScribe

2.2 Punctuation

The introduction of punctuation in medieval texts to help the reader to read the text aloud. Because of this, the distribution of punctuation signs responded to rhetorical units and pauses in a way that may seem alien to the present-day reader. Moreover, the shapes used vary to some extent from those with which we are familiar today. Overall, punctuation in medieval manuscripts comprises three main signs:

- Punctus simplex - Consisting of a single dot in the fashion of a modern full stop (though often found above the baseline), its use is the most heterogeneous of them all. It may be found after incomplete sentences as well as at the end of full sentences and preceding a capital letter.

- Punctus elevatus - Consisting of a point and a reversed comma on top, it is often, like the colon today, found where something else could still be added.

- Punctus versus - Consisting of a comma below a dot, it is usually seen at the end of full, complete sentences.

For the transcription exercises you will find across this module, punctuation plays a secondary role and therefore you will not be required to include it in your transcription. Still, its presence should be duly noted as it often informs us about the way in which a particular text was to be read.