German resources

3. Resources in the Rest of the World

3.3 Libraries

National libraries with resources relevant for Germanic studies

Biblioteca Nacional in Portugal

Biblioteca Nacional in Spain

Bibliothèque Nationale in France

Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Roma

Library of Congress in the United States, in particular, their German Collections


University and specialized libraries

Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (German Exiles)
This library is dedicated to the German-Jewish author Leon Feuchtwanger. The library reflects his interests in different historical periods and contains several noteworthy smaller collections of primary and secondary sources focusing on such subjects as Greek and Latin classics, Jewish and biblical history, the Enlightenment, French Revolution, German literature, exile literature, and of course his own editions and translations. Since Feuchtwanger was a well known member of the exile community in Los Angeles and kept in contact with many of his fellow literary exiles, he was given numerous inscribed copies of first editions by such writers and personal friends as Alfred Döblin, Bruno Frank, Oskar Maria Graf, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Ludwig Marcuse, Franz Werfel, and Arnold Zweig.

Library of the German Society of Pennsylvania
With over 70 000 German language books, pamphlets and manuscripts, the Joseph Horner Memorial Library of the German Society of Pennsylvania is the largest collection of German materials in the U.S. outside a university. The library specializes in 19th century works and its strengths lie in the areas of history, travel literature, popular literature, religion, and children's books.

University of Virginia Library
Today the Library's catalogue records over 54 000 books and journals in Germanic literatures and languages, most of them in the Alderman Library, with more than 20 000 additonal titles available in various microform sets. Given the broad interests of the University's German Department, the German literature collection is well developed in all periods, from the Middle Ages to the present. It is at its strongest for the twentieth century, with particularly good holdings for Expressionism and the period between the two World Wars, but also for recent literature, and includes a good collection of literary periodicals with many first printings. The Rieger Kafka Collection in Special Collections includes the first editions, many illustrated editions and translations, and works about Kafka.

Stanford University Library Collections
SUL holds special collections on 'Recent and Contemporary German Culture and Politics' linked to the reunification of Germany. Since 1990 they have actively acquired recent and contemporary primary sources, including special collections in German cultural, literary, and social history. The collection is divided under the following headings: 'Theaterverlag Autoren-Kollegium', 'Mitteilungen des Deutschen Schriftstellerverbandes', '1963-1989,Theaterprogramme', 'Willi Bredel', 'New Literary Publishers in East Germany', 'Other New Publishing Ventures in East Germany', 'The Book Arts Scene of the 1980s in East Germany and Its Continuation after 1989', 'DEFA and East German Film', 'Dokumentationsbibliothek DDR Kunst: Books on the Fine Arts in East Germany', 'Poster Collections', 'East German Popular and Material Culture', other collections, such as the APO (Extraparliamentary Opposition) and Student Movement Collection.

The German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection - University of Albany Libraries
In recognition of the serious scholarly interest in the mass migration of German speaking exiles from the Nazi regime, a German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection was established in 1976 at the University at Albany, State University of New York. The collection is comprised of over 95 sections of personal papers, organizational records, tape recordings, photographs, and related research materials documenting the German intellectual exodus of the 1930s and 1940s. To complement the successful collecting efforts of other libraries and archival repositories in the United States and the German Federal Republic, the Émigré Collection has focused on the careers and accomplishments of social scientists, humanists, writers, creative artists, and others.

German Collections at Princeton University Library
This library holds the 'Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Germanic Collection', a rewarding collection in the fields of cultural history, political science, music, and fine arts and, of course, literature. Numerous first editions of the 1920s and 1930s, especially the major figures of expressionist poetry and drama, of the George group, of the Viennese and Prague writers, and of the theatre from Brahm and Reinhardt to Piscator. Naturalism is represented by a great number of plays, fiction from the turn of the century and dramaturgy and stagecraft of the 1890s. Popular Viennese playwrights of the early 19th century (Gewey, A. Von Schaden, V. Puchler, C.C. Martin) are another specialization. Important first editions for almost all writers of the romantic period are available, plus a considerable group of almanacs, anthologies, and journals of the Goethe period. The collection includes an unusually extensive body of 17th-century poets: Moscherosch, Fleming, Gryphius, Hoffmannswaldau, Picander, and Christian Gunther in notable editions. Further special collections include the Luther Collection, the Blau Memorial Collection, and the Priebsch-CloseCollection.

Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University
The Collection of German Literature, one of the oldest special collections at Yale, contains first editions and other rare literary texts in German from approximately 1600 to 1850, with scattered holdings of earlier authors and a few specialized gatherings of twentieth-century material. The areas of greatest strength are the seventeenth century and Goethe. Yale sought out William A. Speck, a German-American pharmacist from Haverstraw, N.Y., who by 1913 had amassed the largest private Goethe library outside Germany. The collection was acquired for Yale, and Speck served as its curator for the rest of his life, adding books and manuscripts with funds provided largely by the university.

Manuscipts Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University
This library holds the Fischer manuscripts, ca. 1888-1975, consist of the correspondence and manuscripts from the files of German publisher S. Fischer. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by author and where available includes carbon copies or transcripts of Fischer's correspondence with the particular author. Correspondents includeIngeborg Bachmann, Gerhart Hauptmann, Thomas Mann, Albert Schweitzer, Thornton Wilder, and 88 other authors.

Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies - Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University
In 1979, a grassroots organization, the Holocaust Survivors Film Project, began videotaping Holocaust survivors and witnesses in New Haven, Connecticut. In 1981, the original collection of testimonies was deposited at Yale University, and the Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies opened its doors to the public the following year. Since then, the Archive has worked to record, collect, and preserve Holocaust witness testimonies, and to make its collection available to researchers, educators, and the general public. The Archive and its affiliates continue to record the testimonies of willing individuals with first-hand experience of the Nazi persecutions, including those in hiding, survivors, bystanders,resistants, and liberators.

German-Americana Collection - University of Cincinnati Libraries
One of the United States’ largest collections of books, pamphlets, documents, journals, newspapers and manuscripts pertaining to German-American history, literature, and culture, with particular emphasis on the German heritage of the Ohio Valley.

Northwestern University - The Greenleaf Library
One of the great private libraries of Germany which was assembled by Ministerialrat Johannes Schulze (1786-1869) and forms the core of the University's collection including numerous rarities, such as books from the early days of European printing of Greek and Latin classics; a copy of the first serious work on the Kabbalah written in German; the only copy in North America of the major philosophical work of Isaak von Sinclair; a complete set of MartinSchrettinger's treatise on library science; thirteen incunabula, many notable works of Dutch provenance, signed works by the theologian Konstantin von Tischendorf and the linguist and fairytale collector, Wilhelm Grimm.

The Harold Jantz Collection at the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Duke University
This collection specializes in German Baroque Literature, German-Americana of all periods; the Age of Goethe; American-German and English-German literary relations; Rosicruciana and Occulta. Also included are 168 Baroque-era manuscripts, some of which deal with alchemy, astrology, and Rosicrucianism. The Baroque literature in the JantzCollection is among the largest of such resources in the United States and complements the Curt von Faber du FaurCollection at Yale University.

International Dada Archive
Founded in 1979, the International Dada Archive is a scholarly resource for the study of the historic Dada movement. The Archive has compiled a comprehensive collection of textual documentation relating to Dada. The collection of the International Dada Archive is scattered throughout the University of Iowa Libraries; most of its holdings are in either the Main Library or the Art Library. The collection includes books, articles, microfilmed manuscript collections,videorecordings, sound recordings, and a few computer files. The primary access to the entire collection is through an online catalogue containing approximately 47 000 titles (the International Online Bibliography of Dada).

Getty Research Library
The general library consists of approximately 800 000 volumes of books, serials, and auction catalogues. The special collections encompass rare books, historical photographs, and original archival materials for the study of visual arts and culture. The photo study collection, which contains approximately two million study photographs, documents works of fine and decorative arts and architecture from the ancient world through the twentieth century. Materials concerning French, German, Russian, Italian, and American avant-garde (e.g. Futurism) are a special strength.

J.R. Ritman Library - Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica
This collection offers a wealth of information for the study of this spiritual tradition, which has exerted a notable influence over the past 2000 years, for instance in 2nd-century Alexandria (Gnostic movements), in the thirteenth century (European mysticism), in the second half of the fifteenth century in Italy (revival of interest in Hermetic philosophy) and in the first half of the seventeenth century in Germany (Rosicrucians and theosophical movements).

James Ford Bell Library 
The James Ford Bell Library is a collection of 20 000 rare books, 2500 maps, and 2500 manuscripts from the period 1400-1800, documenting the expansion of Europe. Books by merchants, travellers, explorers, missionaries, and colonists record their experiences in their own words. In the library, emphasis is placed on the books, manuscripts, and maps that relate to the origin and development of international trade.

The Harvard College Library - The Widener Collection
The Germanic Section of Widener Library's Collection Development Department is responsible for the development of materials in the humanities and the social sciences from Austria, Denmark, Flanders, Germany, Liechtenstein, the Germanic-language area of Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the German-language area of Switzerland, and Hungary.