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German resources

Site: Postgraduate online research training
Course: a PORT for Modern Languages
Book: German
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Date: Tuesday, 18 February 2020, 6:02 AM

German resources

When you start looking for a source that is not available in your College or University library, you have several other options. You can look for it:

The majority of these institutions have an online catalogue, which means you do not need to phone, email or go there. However, before choosing the institution that you think is the most likely to have your source remember that many countries (including the United Kingdom and Germany) have META-OPACs, that is, online catalogues which collect all the OPACs of a certain area. COPAC, for example, collect major British OPACs; KVK collects German major online catalogues. And there are even META-OPACs which allow you to do online bibliographical searches of different national OPACs at once. This facility gives you the greatest overview of what is available on a trans-national level. We therefore suggest you should start by having a look at the META-OPACs relevant to German studies, included in our

Although META-OPACs permit you to scan a massive amount of books (authors, titles, and subjects), this information will not include any articles. So, if you are looking for secondary literature, especially articles and chapters in books, the best way of resourcing these materials is to consult the

MLA International Bibliography which will be available on CD-ROM or in print at your University Library. The MLA International Bibliography provides a listing and subject index for books and articles published in modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It indexes over 50 000 books and articles each year.

1. Resources in Germany

These are organized according to three different categories on the following pages:

1.1 Archives

Deutsche Archive im Internet

The Archivschule Marburg offers links to German archives.

Deutsches Bundesarchiv
The German Federal Archive is a provider of services for the general public as well as research and administration bodies. It documents, and saves as archives, testimonies to, and evidence of, modern and contemporary German history and makes this information available to everyone.

Deutsches Bucharchiv München
This is an archive for all those who are interested in the study of the book, publishing, journals, book trade, literary studies, authors and technologies of printing.

Deutsche Kinemathek
An archive and library, this institution is Germany's most important centre for the preservation of film. It is based in Berlin.

 

Literature Archives

Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach
It displays and archives 20th century literature. Notable original manuscripts include The Trial by Franz Kafka and Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Döblin.

Goethe und Schiller Archiv
The Goethe and Schiller Archive is the oldest German literature archive with the greatest wealth of tradition. Since the publication of the Sophie edition, the Archive sees itself as a centre of Goethe research and edition philology supported by original sources.

Kleist-Archiv Sembdner
The Kleist-Archive Sembdner in Heilbronn is based on the collection of the Kleist scholar and editor Helmut Sembdner. It contains a biography, letters and much more.

Literaturarchiv und Bibliothek Monacensia in München
The literature archive Monacensia is based in the former house of artist and sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand. It holds 130 000 books, amongst them original manuscripts by authors from Munich, as well as rare photographs.

Das Archivportal-D is an archive portal bringing together cataloguing data from national and regional archives across Germany.


Some more literature archives

Literaturarchiv Sulzbach-Rosenberg e.V.

Das Lippische Literaturarchiv

Theodor-Fontane-Archiv

Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933-1945 der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek

Heinrich-Heine-Institut Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf

Literaturarchiv Akademie der nste 

1.2 Cultural Institutions

Literature and language

Goethe Institutes in Germany: addresses
On this page you will find the contact details of all the Goethe Institutes in German cities.

Institut für Deutsche Sprache - Mannheim
The task of this institute is to research and document the German language in its current form and its recent history.

Stiftung Buch-, Medien- und Literaturhaus München
Book readings and any kinds of public events relating to literature take place in this foundation located in the heart of Munich. It serves as a meeting point for authors, publishers, and journalists and represents an important educational institution for book trade. It also is in charge of an electronic database collecting contemporary literature.

Verband Deutscher Bühnen- und Medienverlage
This organization regulates copyrights of any texts written for the stage. It also represents the rights of playwrights and librettists. They run a database of all literary works written for the stage.

Literarisches Colloquium Berlin (LCB)
A public forum for authors, literary experts, critics, journalists and anybody interested in discussing literature, this foundation organizes readings, workshops and runs a literary prize scheme.

Literaturforum im Brechthaus
The Brechthaus is home not only of a yearly international Brecht conference, it also organizes readings with contemporary authors and playwrights of politically and socially engaged literature. It supports young authors through workshop schemes and readings and sets up exhibitions and film events.

Günter Grass Stiftung Bremen
This foundation is responsible for the collection, archiving and the research of the audio-visual work of Günter Grass as well as any digital and printed documents relating to the reception of the author's work.

Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung
This academy is responsible for maintaining standards of the German language and its literature. It organizes events with respect to literary, linguistic and socio-cultural themes. It runs prize schemes and is engaged in debates around the 'Rechtschreibreform'.

Deutscher Germanistenverband
The DGV represents the interests of teachers and lecturers in German studies working at schools, educational institutions, universities and other research institutes. It aims to deepen the ties between school and higher education and maintains contacts with related research disciplines at a national and international level.

Schweizerische Akademische Gesellschaft für Germanistik
This organization represents the interests of Germanistik, German-speaking literature and language at Swiss Universities.

Stiftung für Romantikforschung
Dedicated to scientific discussion at an international scope, this foundation organizes seminars, conferences, and other important research events. It produces its own publications relating to topics of Romanticism; it supports young scholars and runs its own prize scheme for special achievements in Romanticism Studies. It also determines research focuses with respect to international research projects.

Film, theatre and media

Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau Stiftung
The Foundation received its name in memory of the film director Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (1888 – 1931) who produced classics such as NosferatuDer letzte Mann and Faust. The films which Murnau produced in Germany are taken care of by the Foundation as well as thousands of other films, produced between 1900 and 1960, works which form a major part of the German film heritage. One of the tasks of the Murnau Foundation is the promotion of film and political education. The foundation-owned film archive is available to the general public.

Film- und Medienstiftung Nordrhein-Westfalen
This is an important institution supporting and representing the interests of scriptwriters, producers and directors, cinema owners and distributors in their involvement with high-budget and low-budget films, drama and documentary as well as audio-plays.

Deutscher Bühnenverein - Bundesverband der Theater und Orchester
This organization is responsible for the discussion of all artistic, organizational and cultural-political questions regardingtheatres and orchestras. It sets up conferences and publishes data and research about the organizational structure of German theatre.

History and politics

IFA - Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen
The IFA's aim is to support projects which enable a dialogue between different countries and cultures. Its activities are attached to the German ministry of foreign affairs. It runs a variety of cultural exchange projects such as symposia, art exhibitions, and the distribution of publications.

Frauen Media Turm
This feminist institution was founded by Alice Schwarzer and serves to document events, debates and historical data that concern women today and historically. Their archive includes about 38 000 documents, plus 300 journal items, subscriptions to about 1000 national and international feminist journals as well as collections of feminist flyers, posters and photographs. The collections are being enriched by about 2000 documents each year.

Fritz Bauer Institute - Study and Documentation Center on the History and Impact of the Holocaust 
This institute was founded in Frankfurt fifty years after the National Socialist concentration and extermination camps were liberated. The association founded the first German interdisciplinary center for the study and documentation of the history and the impact of the Holocaust. The Fritz Bauer Institute's mission is to sharpen awareness of the way German society has developed since Auschwitz and for the ways the Germans have confronted the consequences. The Institute cooperates with research institutes and educational institutions, with memorial sites and museums in Germany and abroad. It also maintains contacts to a number of survivors’ associations.

Stiftung Haus der Geschichte - Bonn
This foundation comprises a meeting place, library, archive and media centre dedicated to the history of the BRD and the GDR.

Stiftung Topographie des Terrors - Berlin
The mission of the Topography of Terror Foundation is to provide historical information about National Socialism and its crimes as well as to stimulate active confrontation with this history and its impact since 1945. Moreover, the Foundation serves as an advisor to the State of Berlin in all matters relating to these issues.

Deutsche Stiftung Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung
Making women's history visible is this foundation's objective. Their mission statement declares they aim to support research projects exploring the hidden niches of culture, art, science and society that have historically been neglected by mainstream patriarchal research traditions.

Deutsch-Türkische Stiftung (DTS)
The German-Turkish Association (DTS) aims to support culturally and legally the integration of Turkish immigrants in Germany. They also report about news items from Turkey relating to the issue of immigration and fight the proliferation of prejudiced images of Turkish culture.

Stiftung Jüdisches Museum Berlin
Housed in the spectacular architecture of Daniel Libeskind, the Jewish Museum in Berlin documents 2000 years of German-Jewish history. The permanent exhibition is complemented by temporary exhibitions, contemporary installations and multi-media events in the Rafael Roth Learning Centre.

Scientific Institutions

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft embraces many different institutes undertaking research in the natural sciences, biology, humanities and social sciences. It is particularly interested in pursuing innovative and interdisciplinary research directions which would find it difficult to be accommodated within the institutionalized structures of the general university landscape.

DAAD - Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst
The DAAD funds research and studies of foreign students and academics at German universities and research institutes. Moreover, it gives scholarships to German students and scholars to study and research abroad.

Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung
The mission of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation is to support research on an international level. It offers long-term fellowships in Germany to highly qualified foreign academics. It also supports scientific exchanges and collaborations arising from such fellowships.

Sigmund-Freud-Institut Frankfurt
The roots of this institute can be traced back to to the Frankfurter Psychoanalytiker Institut (1929-1933) which was forced to close down during the Nazi period with most of its members, in the majority Jewish, having to flee persecution. It reopened in 1956 as an institute dedicated to research into psychoanalysis and the training ofpracticioners.

Stiftung Deutsche Geisteswissenschaftliche Institute im Ausland - DGIA
The aim of this foundation is to support research into history, culture, economics and the social sciences in countries abroad and to strengthen dialogue and understanding between Germany and the partner countries. It includes 7 German research institutes in London, Warsaw, Tokyo, Washington D.C., Beirut, Istanbul and Rome with a new one in the process of being set up in Moscow.

Fine art and architecture

Das Städel Museum
This is the most important museum in Frankfurt am Main. 700 years of European history are represented in a collection of 2700 paintings, 600 sculptures and 100 000 prints and drawings by artists ranging from Dürer, Holbeinand Cranach to Rembrandt, Vermeer, Monet, Van Gogh and Cézanne to Matisse and Picasso, Bacon and Baselitz, Serra and Palermo.

Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz
This is the equivalent to British Heritage. Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz regulates the preservation of historical monuments.

Stiftung Archiv Akademie der Künste
This archive belonging to the Academy of Arts in Berlin holds the artistic and cultural treasures of the Academy. The collections embrace the areas of fine art, architecture, literature, the performing arts, film and media, and a historical archive. There is also an extensive library.

Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau
The Bauhaus occupies a place of its own in the history of 20th century culture, architecture, design, art and new media. One of the first colleges of design, it brought together a number of the most outstanding contemporary architects and artists and was not only an innovative training center but also a place of production and focus of international debate. On their website you can find out more about their activities, events, and their archive.

Stiftung Haus der Kunst München
This is the most important museum in Munich specializing in modern and contemporary art.

Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg: Fotothek 
A digital collection of ca. 20 000 photographs from the historical collection of Prussian castles and gardens. The collection is significant for its documentation of the structural and architectural state of buildings and gardens before and after the two world wars, as well as of situations before and after extensive restoration campaigns. Even photographs of Prussian castles and their inventory that have been lost are thoroughly documented in the collection. So far the search engine is only available in German.

1.3 Libraries

German Libraries Online
A survey of German libraries offering services in the WorldWideWeb.

National libraries

Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
This is the central German library responsible for the collection and bibliographic cataloguing of German literature after 1913. The German National Library was founded in 1990 after the reunification of Germany, a new institution embracing the former National Library Leipzig, the National Library Frankfurt am Main and the German Music Archive Berlin. The above link will connect you to their search engine which facilitates data searches of the entire German publishing output.

  • Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Leipzig includes:
    • Deutsches Buch- und Schriftmuseum: a library concerned with the history of the book.
    • Archiv und Bibliothek des Börsenvereins des Deutschen Buchhandels e.V. This archive and library are dedicated to German book trade.
    • Anne-Frank-Shoah Bibliothek: this is an international research library dedicated to the study and the memory of the Holocaust. Its aim is to make accessible literature on the persecution and genocide of the European Jews in Germany.
  • Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Frankfurt am Main is responsible for the development of IT technology and of bibliographic services at a national scope. Moreover it houses the
    • Exilsammlung der Deutschen Bibliothek: its task is the preservation of German-language based exile literature from 1933 to 1945. It also acts as an archive collecting relevant manuscripts, estates, letters, and various other materials. They are running an interesting digital project called Exilpresseinternational which allows you to search a digital library containing German exile newspapers and journals from 1933 to 1945.

Swiss National Library - Bern
The task of the Swiss National Library, as they write, is to collect 'Helvetica', to preserve this material for posterity and make it available to the public. The term 'Helvetica' denotes the entire literary production of the country stored on all kinds of information media (handwritten manuscripts, printed, digitized, in pictorial form or as sound documents), all works published abroad with a bearing on Switzerland, its population, its past, present and future and works (including translations of them) by Swiss authors.

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek - Vienna
This is the central research library in Austria with collections dating all the way back into the fourteenth century. Preserving the heritage of the Habsburger Hofsbibliothek, it holds important collections of antique, medieval and modern manuscripts, music autographs, incunabula, portraits, prints and various other treasures, plus the estates of Austrian authors.

University Libraries

Universities in the German-speaking countries
An index with links to all German University libraries.

Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek Bern
The Municipal and University Library Bern includes many sub-libraries, archives and institutes. Especially interesting is the 'Schweizerische Osteuropabibliothek', Switzerland's most important research library for questions of contemporary politics, economics, law and social sciences and the history of the European East and the states that emerged from the former Soviet Union. Another noteworthy institute is the Gosteli foundation, an archive for the history of the Swiss Women's Liberation Movement.

Universitätsbibliothek München
The Munich university library owns a rich collection of bookplates, manuscripts, estates and autographs, incunabula, the C.G. von Maassen Library, many literary estates, modern and medieval manuscripts.

Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg
Special collections of the Oettingen-Wallersteinische Bibliothek comprise the Oettingen-Wallersteinsche Library, The Library of the Cassianeums, the Library of the Freisinger Lyzeums, Hymnological Collections, a collection of historical schoolbooks 1500-1920, the Collection Jonas including articles on Thomas Mann, the manuscript library of HeinrichBrüning, the photo collections of Groth-Schmachtenberger, and a European centre for documentation.

Bauhausuniversität Weimar - Library
The roots of this library reach back to the foundation of the Bauhaus School in Weimar and have many interesting books from that period (1910s) on architecture and the arts.

FU Berlin - Library
The Library System of the FU Berlin is the largest among all German universities. The FU's library holdings amount to around 8 million volumes and 20 000 periodical subscriptions. Holdings are distributed between the University Library and approximately 70 departmental libraries.

Humboldt University Berlin - Library
Another major university library in Berlin. Here you will find special collections on ethnology, and amongst its historical holdings autpgraphs of the Grimm Brothers, von Humboldt, Theodor Mommsen, Robert Bunsen, all of whom taught at the Humboldt University.

Niedersächsische Staats-and Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen
This university library holds many documents of important historical value, special collections in philology and is since 1751 the library of the 'Akademie der Wissenschaften'. It also functions as a National Library for German eighteenth-century prints.

Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats - und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden
Its special collections include manuscripts, rare prints, autographs, a graphics collections, a collection of children's books, maps and musicalia, and a media centre.

Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main
This is the library of the Johann Wolfgang von Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Amongst its special collections, it holds the Heinz-Joachim Heydorn-Archiv, Horkheimer-Pollock-Archiv, Editha Klipstein-Archiv, Franz Lennartz-Literaturarchiv, Bruno Liebrucks-Archiv, Leo Löwenthal-Archiv, Herbert Marcuse-Archiv, Alexander Mitscherlich-Archiv, Schopenhauer-Archiv, Erwin von Steinbach-Stiftung. It preserves many important manuscripts and incunabula of medieval, Hebrew, and oriental origin. The library is especially well equipped in the areas of German studies, comparative literature, linguisitics, theatre and film studies, and Jewish studies.

Staats-und-Universitätsbibliothek Bremen
Apart from maintaining some special collections on journalism, this library holds many historically important documents, manuscripts, historical maps, Greek papyri, autographs and estates. It preserves the library of the seventeenth-century Humanist Melchior Goldast von Haiminsfeld.

Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg 
Amongst its manuscript collections you can find here documents of medieval, oriental, Hebrew and African origin, papyri, musicalia, contracts from the 14th to the 18th century and autographs. Amongst its autograph collections are the 'Uffenbach-Wolfsche Correspondence', the 'Campe Collection' and the 'Literatur Archiv'.

Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
One of the oldest universities in Germany, its library has special manuscript collection of the Kurpfalz and Baden, amongst others, the 'Codex Manesse'. Moreover it holds important collections in Egyptology, Archeology, and Art History before 1945.

Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig
Amongst its collections you will find special units on manuscripts, incunabula, prints from the sixteenth century, autographs, estates, the important 'Hirzel Collection' which contains books, manuscripts and materials of and about Goethe. Moreover there are maps and portraits. There are also extensive collections dedicated to media studies and journalism.

Universitätsbibliothek Marburg
This is the library attached to the oldest Protestant university (founded in 1527) and thus possesses vast resources in rare and ancient books.

Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg
Salzburg's university library has holdings involving medieval manuscripts, incunabula, prints from the sixteenth century. Especially valuable are the former 'Wolf-Dietrich Collection', sketches from Italian Renaissance artists. There are also rare books and prints from the sixteenth century.

Universitätsbibliothek Basel
Founded in 1471, this is the most important library in Switzerland, owning holdings of important historical manuscripts, early prints, musicalia, maps and potraits. The collections of the university library are complemented by the libraries attached to the different university institutes, the municipal libraries and the specialized libraries.

Universitäts- und Forschungsbibliothek Erfurt/ Gotha
This university library puts special emphasis on collecting cultural studies, humanities, political sciences, pedagogics and theology. Their historical collections include manuscritps and prints of national and international importance. Its core is the Bibliotheca Amploniana.

Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn
Here you will find medieval manuscripts, some of which stem from nunneries in the Rheinland and oriental manuscripts going back to the research of August Wilhelm von Schlegel. The library also holds the estates of GottfriedKinkel, Felix Hausdorff, Ernst Robert Curtius and other important inhabitants of the city of Bonn. Moreover the musical manuscripts of Robert Schumann are deposited here.

Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf
In its manuscript and incunabula collection, this library holds important items from the medieval ages. You can also find here the 'Thomas-Mann-Sammlung Dr. Hans-Otto Mayer'. After the Thomas-Mann-Archiv Zürich, this is the most important collection of about 6100 volumes and documentary materials relating to Thomas Mann.

Universitätsbibliothek Wien
Founded in 1365, the University Library Wien is the oldest Univesity Library in the German-speaking countries. It flourished especially during the 15th century.

Regional Libraries
There are far too many regional and municipal libraries to list them all, so we will only refer to a small selection. Otherwise we recommend using the meta-opac search engine Karlsruhe Virtual Catalogue. This search engine has a section listing all the different regional catalogues. Each catalogue consists of a communal conglomerate of university, regional, municipal and specialized libraries adhering to one particular region.

Staatsbibliothek Berlin
This is the largest general library in Germany. It is especially well equipped in the humanities and social sciences with important collections of manuscripts, music scores, Asian documents, maps and historical prints. Here is the link to the stabi catalogue.

Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München
The Bavarian State Library was founded in 1558 as the Court Library of the Wittelsbacher. Today it is one of the largest research libraries in the German-speaking countries. It has holdings of more than 8 million volumes, special collections of early printed books, maps, estates, autographs, exlibris, portraits, image archives, and one of the most important manuscript collections in the world. With more than 40 000 journals and newspapers, it is after the British Library the largest journal library in Europe.

Specialized libraries

WEBIS - Arthistorical Resources in German Libraries
This website provides information about the collections in libraries affiliated with museums and in research institutions specializing in art history.

Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
The Herzog August Bibliothek is an important research centre for the study of the medieval and early modern period. Their special collections include the 'Bibliotheca Julia', the 'Bibliotheca Augusta', 'Ducal libraries of the 17th and 18th centuries', 'Scholars libraries', 'Acquisitions 1705-1819', 'Acquisitions 1820-1950', 'Acquisitions since 1950', and a Collection of German Prints.

Deutsches Theatermuseum München - Theaterbibliothek
The archive and library attached to the Theatre Museum München have about 70 000 autographs, diaries, directors' books, role indexes, annotations of choreographies and many other materials concerned with the history of thetheatre.

Bibliothek des Instituts für Zeitgeschichte
This library is based in Munich and specializes in the history of the twentieth century, German history, European history, and the history of international relations.

Internationale Jugendbibliothek München
The International Youth Library is the largest library for international children's and youth literature in the world. Ever since it was opened in 1949 by Jella Lepman, it has been continuously expanded to an internationally recognized center for the world's children's and youth literature. Jella Lepman began her work immediately after the end of World War II as an opportunity to find new hope and values after the years of Nazi terror and the horrors of war and to awaken a new understanding for other people and nations. She directed her attention to both children and adults. She sought to establish a discourse about children's literature and offered at the same time the children themselves a selection of books.

2. Resources in the UK

There are several institutions with holdings of German materials in Britain. They can be classified in the following categories:

2.1 Archives

The National Archives
This is the national archive of England, Wales and the United Kingdom. It brings together and preserves the records of the central government and the courts of law. The records span an unbroken period from the 11th century to the present day. Their website runs a database search engine to help you find the records you need. They also have several searchable databases to help you find out about records held by other archives.

The Institute of Modern Languages Research Archives
Archival material has been deposited with the Institute of Modern Languages Research since its foundation in 1950. There are a number of discrete collections which in sum give a unique overview of the history and development of Germanic studies in the United Kingdom since the nineteenth century. The collections emanate from individuals and organizations engaged in Germanic studies. Researchers should apply to consult material at least forty-eight hours in advance by letter, facsimile, e-mail or telephone. The library staff need a name and contact number, a concise and clear idea of the nature of the enquiry and a date and time for consultation. Items can be searched on the library catalogue.

Arts and Humanities Data Service
As a postgraduate student in humanities you will find this service useful and relevant. It includes 5 different domains:

  • Archaeology Data Service
  • Visual Arts Data Service
  • Oxford Text Archive
  • Performing Arts Data Service
  • History Data Service.

Archives Hub is a portal bringing together descriptions of thousands of the UK's archive collections and representing nearly 300 institutions across the country.

AIM25 is a database of archives and manuscript collections from many of London's higher education institutions, learned societies, cultural organisations and City livery companies.

Wiener Library, which holds 2,000 document collections on the Nazi era, the Holocaust and related subjects. It includes the UK's largest archive of personal papers relating to Jewish refugees from Nazi Europe and continues to grow with more collections added every year.

The archives of the German-Jewish Centre at the University of Sussex, including a page highlighting the collections. 

Online Database of British Archival Resources relating to German-Jewish Refugees 1933-1950 (BARGE), compiled by the Centre for German-Jewish Studies at Sussex University between 2003-2008.



2.2 Cultural Institutions

British Council
On this site you will find information on e-journals, journals and multimedia.

Goethe-Institut
The Goethe-Institut is the Federal Republic of Germany's cultural institution operation worldwide. The aim of theGoethe-Institut is the promotion of study of German abroad and the encouragement of international cultural exchange. The Goethe-Institut has two branches in the UK.

Austrian Cultural Forum London
The Austrian Cultural Forum London promotes cultural contacts between the UK and Austria by organizing events and supporting artists and projects in the fields of music, performing arts, visual arts, literature, film and science.

Anglo-Austrian Society
The Anglo-Austrian Society was originally founded in 1944 in London. It actively promotes social and cultural exchange, and dialogue between the United Kingdom and Austria. The aim of the Anglo-Austrian Society is to strengthen Austro-British relations in all aspects of public and cultural life.

Embassies

German Embassy 

Austrian Embassy

Swiss Embassy

2.3 Libraries

We cannot list all the libraries in the UK holding German resources. So before checking one of the larger libraries on this page, always search the catalogues of your University library first, and those which are in your neighbourhood. University libraries tend to have different specialisms depending on the research interests of the lecturers and researchers associated with the institution, so collections may vary considerably. Be creative when doing your research and use COPAC to locate your materials.

The British Library
The British Library is one of the world's greatest libraries. It holds over 150 million items from every age of global civilization. You can search the catalogues and order copies of some documents online. Access is free but you need to get a reader’s pass. Photocopying, microfilming, photographic and digital services are available but be warned: charges are very high. If you can copy the materials elsewhere, then do so. See the special webpages dedicated to theGerman Collections of the British Library. These include amongst other links special pages on German exile collections (1933-45), Austrian collections and Swiss-German collections.

The Library of the Institute of Germanic & Romance Studies
If you are doing your postgraduate studies in London and cannot find your books or journals at the British Library, try the library of the IGRS which houses substantial collections: 65 000 volumes of books, 20 000 volumes of journals, nearly 500 current subscriptions, over 22 000 microfiches, theses and archives. There are smaller collections on background subjects such as history, art, folklore, publishing and other Germanic languages. The holdings on German film and theatre history are more than just 'background', as is the 'Wende' collection. The whole stock is for reference only and predominantly open access; no books or journals may be borrowed, but photocopying facilities are available. The Library is open to all 'bona fide' researchers who can make use of its resources. Regular users may become Members of the Institute.

The Library of the Goethe Institute in London
A large library with collections on German life and culture is available on membership (concession rates for students). The main subject areas in stock are German language and literature, contemporary art, film, theatre and dance, as well as German history, politics and economics since 1945. You will also find a good range of videos of theatreproductions and German films. Their catalogue is online and forms part of OPAC.

German Historical Institute in London
Collections in both German and English on German history with particular emphasis on Anglo-German relations and the period 1933 - 1945. Free access but a photo and ID are required.

Bodleian Library at Oxford
This is the main research library of Oxford University, and in Britain is second in size only to the British Library, having a stock of 6 million volumes. Admission is free to members of Oxford University, and to other bona fide scholars on production of a suitable letter of recommendation and proof of identity. Graduate students affiliated to universities and colleges funded by the higher education funding councils of the UK or the Republic of Ireland are exempt from payment.

Cambridge University Library
This library has more than 5 million books and more than 1.5 million serial volumes. For vacation access only your student ID is required, although during term time and for the section Manuscripts & Rare Books you have to produce a letter from your supervisor. Students from foreign universities are subject to an administration charge of £10 for six months.

The Taylor Institution Library - Oxford
The Taylor Institution Library is devoted to modern languages and has a total stock of over 500 000 volumes - it is the largest specialist library in its field in the UK. Its collection concentrates on the literary and philological aspects of continental European culture, but also contains much background materials in fields such as history and philosophy.

The Library of the Warburg Institute
Particular to this library is the classification of its collection of 350 000 volumes in four sections: a) social and political history, b) religion, history of science and philosophy, c) literature, books, libraries and education d) history of art andarchaeology. It also holds 2500 runs of periodicals, about half of them current (on mobile stacks in the basement). The libraries of the Royal Numismatic Society and the British Numismatic Society are housed, and accessible, in the Institute. Access is restricted to researchers. A letter signed by your supervisor is required.

The Wiener Library
The Wiener Library is one of the world's leading and most extensive archives on the Holocaust and Nazi era. Formed in 1933, the library's unique collection of over one million items includes published and unpublished works, press cuttings, photographs and eyewitness testimony.

National Library of Scotland
The Advocates' Library of the National Library of Scotland had acquired some German material during the course of the 18th and 19th centuries and several of the Library's special collections possess a significant number of German items. The Dieterichs Collection of pamphlets, dissertations and miscellaneous literary publications, which was purchased in 1820, comprises the largest single collection of German materials in the Library, while the Crawford Collection of Lutheran pamphlets contains some 1500 16th-century tracts. Three substantial microform collections of German interest are held: 'Flugschriften des frühen 16. Jahrhunderts' contain on microfiche the complete texts of some 5000 pamphlets in German and Latin printed between 1501 and 1530 within the Holy Roman Empire; 'Flugschriftensammlung Gustav Freytag' contains some 6000 miscellaneous pamphlets on microfiche which were collected by the 19th-century author Gustav Freytag; 'The Harold Jantz Collection of German Baroque Literature' contains on microfilm a large number of literary, political, scientific and general cultural texts.

The British Film Institute National Library
The BFI Library provides access to a large collection of documentation and information on film and television including German films and scripts.

The National Art Library at the Victoria and Albert Museum
NAL is both a major reference library and the Victoria and Albert Museum's curatorial department for the art, craft and design of the book, with a special collection of prints, drawings and paintings.

3. Resources in the Rest of the World

This section offers information on German resources outside the German-speaking countries and the UK. Please note that what you will find listed does not of course exhaust everything available.

3.1 Archives

Repositories of primary sources
This is a portal which will allow you to access over 5250 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources, including specific sections - ordered by country. (Please note: this repository is no longer maintained or updated, as of January 2015)

The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem
The Central Archives have rescued and preserved the archival remnants of hundreds of Jewish communities, organizations and public figures from all over the world. To date, the Central Archives have assembled some 800 lists of documents relating to Jews, as well as a microfilm collection consisting of over 6 000 000 frames.

DEFA Film Archive at the University of Massachusetts Amherst
The DEFA Film Library at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the only archive and study center outside Europe devoted to the study of a broad spectrum of filmmaking by East German filmmakers or related to East Germany from 1946 to the present. The DEFA Film Library was founded in 1990 by the University of Massachusetts Amherst in the Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures, and operates under agreements between the University, the DEFA-Stiftung, PROGRESS Film-Verleih, GmbH and ICESTORM International, Inc.

Archives Portal Europe provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent. 

3.2 Cultural Institutions

Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz
This institute for art history in Florence is part of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. It is dedicated to the study of Italian art, runs several research projects and fellowships, and organizes conferences.

Bibliotheca Hertziana - Max-Planck-Institut für Kunstgeschichte 
This institue founded in 1913, specializes in art history, in particular the period between the 4th and 14th century, the decline of the classical period, 15th - 20th Century, Italian architectural drawings, 'Linementa' a digital databank in architectural drawings, 'ArsRoma' a digital databank for painting in Rome, and various other projects.

Istituto Storico Italo-Germanico in Trento
This institute specializes in researching the historical and social relations between Italy and the German-speaking countries, in particular, the history of politics, the church, cultural institutions, social and legal history, history of science and culture.

Stiftung Deutsche Geisteswissenschaftliche Institute im Ausland
The aim of this foundation is to support research in the fields of history, cultural studies, economics and social sciences. Another objective is to further dialogue and understanding between Germany and the countries in which its daughter insitutes are located. These are:

3.3 Libraries

National libraries with resources relevant for Germanic studies

Biblioteca Nacional in Portugal

Biblioteca Nacional in Spain

Bibliothèque Nationale in France

Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Roma

Library of Congress in the United States, in particular, their German Collections

 

University and specialized libraries

Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (German Exiles)
This library is dedicated to the German-Jewish author Leon Feuchtwanger. The library reflects his interests in different historical periods and contains several noteworthy smaller collections of primary and secondary sources focusing on such subjects as Greek and Latin classics, Jewish and biblical history, the Enlightenment, French Revolution, German literature, exile literature, and of course his own editions and translations. Since Feuchtwanger was a well known member of the exile community in Los Angeles and kept in contact with many of his fellow literary exiles, he was given numerous inscribed copies of first editions by such writers and personal friends as Alfred Döblin, Bruno Frank, Oskar Maria Graf, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Ludwig Marcuse, Franz Werfel, and Arnold Zweig.

Library of the German Society of Pennsylvania
With over 70 000 German language books, pamphlets and manuscripts, the Joseph Horner Memorial Library of the German Society of Pennsylvania is the largest collection of German materials in the U.S. outside a university. The library specializes in 19th century works and its strengths lie in the areas of history, travel literature, popular literature, religion, and children's books.

University of Virginia Library
Today the Library's catalogue records over 54 000 books and journals in Germanic literatures and languages, most of them in the Alderman Library, with more than 20 000 additonal titles available in various microform sets. Given the broad interests of the University's German Department, the German literature collection is well developed in all periods, from the Middle Ages to the present. It is at its strongest for the twentieth century, with particularly good holdings for Expressionism and the period between the two World Wars, but also for recent literature, and includes a good collection of literary periodicals with many first printings. The Rieger Kafka Collection in Special Collections includes the first editions, many illustrated editions and translations, and works about Kafka.

Stanford University Library Collections
SUL holds special collections on 'Recent and Contemporary German Culture and Politics' linked to the reunification of Germany. Since 1990 they have actively acquired recent and contemporary primary sources, including special collections in German cultural, literary, and social history. The collection is divided under the following headings: 'Theaterverlag Autoren-Kollegium', 'Mitteilungen des Deutschen Schriftstellerverbandes', '1963-1989,Theaterprogramme', 'Willi Bredel', 'New Literary Publishers in East Germany', 'Other New Publishing Ventures in East Germany', 'The Book Arts Scene of the 1980s in East Germany and Its Continuation after 1989', 'DEFA and East German Film', 'Dokumentationsbibliothek DDR Kunst: Books on the Fine Arts in East Germany', 'Poster Collections', 'East German Popular and Material Culture', other collections, such as the APO (Extraparliamentary Opposition) and Student Movement Collection.

The German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection - University of Albany Libraries
In recognition of the serious scholarly interest in the mass migration of German speaking exiles from the Nazi regime, a German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection was established in 1976 at the University at Albany, State University of New York. The collection is comprised of over 95 sections of personal papers, organizational records, tape recordings, photographs, and related research materials documenting the German intellectual exodus of the 1930s and 1940s. To complement the successful collecting efforts of other libraries and archival repositories in the United States and the German Federal Republic, the Émigré Collection has focused on the careers and accomplishments of social scientists, humanists, writers, creative artists, and others.

German Collections at Princeton University Library
This library holds the 'Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Germanic Collection', a rewarding collection in the fields of cultural history, political science, music, and fine arts and, of course, literature. Numerous first editions of the 1920s and 1930s, especially the major figures of expressionist poetry and drama, of the George group, of the Viennese and Prague writers, and of the theatre from Brahm and Reinhardt to Piscator. Naturalism is represented by a great number of plays, fiction from the turn of the century and dramaturgy and stagecraft of the 1890s. Popular Viennese playwrights of the early 19th century (Gewey, A. Von Schaden, V. Puchler, C.C. Martin) are another specialization. Important first editions for almost all writers of the romantic period are available, plus a considerable group of almanacs, anthologies, and journals of the Goethe period. The collection includes an unusually extensive body of 17th-century poets: Moscherosch, Fleming, Gryphius, Hoffmannswaldau, Picander, and Christian Gunther in notable editions. Further special collections include the Luther Collection, the Blau Memorial Collection, and the Priebsch-CloseCollection.

Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University
The Collection of German Literature, one of the oldest special collections at Yale, contains first editions and other rare literary texts in German from approximately 1600 to 1850, with scattered holdings of earlier authors and a few specialized gatherings of twentieth-century material. The areas of greatest strength are the seventeenth century and Goethe. Yale sought out William A. Speck, a German-American pharmacist from Haverstraw, N.Y., who by 1913 had amassed the largest private Goethe library outside Germany. The collection was acquired for Yale, and Speck served as its curator for the rest of his life, adding books and manuscripts with funds provided largely by the university.

Manuscipts Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University
This library holds the Fischer manuscripts, ca. 1888-1975, consist of the correspondence and manuscripts from the files of German publisher S. Fischer. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by author and where available includes carbon copies or transcripts of Fischer's correspondence with the particular author. Correspondents includeIngeborg Bachmann, Gerhart Hauptmann, Thomas Mann, Albert Schweitzer, Thornton Wilder, and 88 other authors.

Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies - Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University
In 1979, a grassroots organization, the Holocaust Survivors Film Project, began videotaping Holocaust survivors and witnesses in New Haven, Connecticut. In 1981, the original collection of testimonies was deposited at Yale University, and the Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies opened its doors to the public the following year. Since then, the Archive has worked to record, collect, and preserve Holocaust witness testimonies, and to make its collection available to researchers, educators, and the general public. The Archive and its affiliates continue to record the testimonies of willing individuals with first-hand experience of the Nazi persecutions, including those in hiding, survivors, bystanders,resistants, and liberators.

German-Americana Collection - University of Cincinnati Libraries
One of the United States’ largest collections of books, pamphlets, documents, journals, newspapers and manuscripts pertaining to German-American history, literature, and culture, with particular emphasis on the German heritage of the Ohio Valley.

Northwestern University - The Greenleaf Library
One of the great private libraries of Germany which was assembled by Ministerialrat Johannes Schulze (1786-1869) and forms the core of the University's collection including numerous rarities, such as books from the early days of European printing of Greek and Latin classics; a copy of the first serious work on the Kabbalah written in German; the only copy in North America of the major philosophical work of Isaak von Sinclair; a complete set of MartinSchrettinger's treatise on library science; thirteen incunabula, many notable works of Dutch provenance, signed works by the theologian Konstantin von Tischendorf and the linguist and fairytale collector, Wilhelm Grimm.

The Harold Jantz Collection at the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Duke University
This collection specializes in German Baroque Literature, German-Americana of all periods; the Age of Goethe; American-German and English-German literary relations; Rosicruciana and Occulta. Also included are 168 Baroque-era manuscripts, some of which deal with alchemy, astrology, and Rosicrucianism. The Baroque literature in the JantzCollection is among the largest of such resources in the United States and complements the Curt von Faber du FaurCollection at Yale University.

International Dada Archive
Founded in 1979, the International Dada Archive is a scholarly resource for the study of the historic Dada movement. The Archive has compiled a comprehensive collection of textual documentation relating to Dada. The collection of the International Dada Archive is scattered throughout the University of Iowa Libraries; most of its holdings are in either the Main Library or the Art Library. The collection includes books, articles, microfilmed manuscript collections,videorecordings, sound recordings, and a few computer files. The primary access to the entire collection is through an online catalogue containing approximately 47 000 titles (the International Online Bibliography of Dada).

Getty Research Library
The general library consists of approximately 800 000 volumes of books, serials, and auction catalogues. The special collections encompass rare books, historical photographs, and original archival materials for the study of visual arts and culture. The photo study collection, which contains approximately two million study photographs, documents works of fine and decorative arts and architecture from the ancient world through the twentieth century. Materials concerning French, German, Russian, Italian, and American avant-garde (e.g. Futurism) are a special strength.

J.R. Ritman Library - Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica
This collection offers a wealth of information for the study of this spiritual tradition, which has exerted a notable influence over the past 2000 years, for instance in 2nd-century Alexandria (Gnostic movements), in the thirteenth century (European mysticism), in the second half of the fifteenth century in Italy (revival of interest in Hermetic philosophy) and in the first half of the seventeenth century in Germany (Rosicrucians and theosophical movements).

James Ford Bell Library 
The James Ford Bell Library is a collection of 20 000 rare books, 2500 maps, and 2500 manuscripts from the period 1400-1800, documenting the expansion of Europe. Books by merchants, travellers, explorers, missionaries, and colonists record their experiences in their own words. In the library, emphasis is placed on the books, manuscripts, and maps that relate to the origin and development of international trade.

The Harvard College Library - The Widener Collection
The Germanic Section of Widener Library's Collection Development Department is responsible for the development of materials in the humanities and the social sciences from Austria, Denmark, Flanders, Germany, Liechtenstein, the Germanic-language area of Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the German-language area of Switzerland, and Hungary.

4. Virtual resources

Besides descriptions and catalogues of real libraries and archives, you can find on the Net numerous virtual libraries, that is, numerous websites containing the transcriptions of entire texts. We suggest that you should have recourse to them only for the first reading, or in order to search for particular words or phrases. If you need to quote those texts in your thesis or papers, you should refer to printed editions, whose philological accuracy is more easily verifiable. On the other hand, the Net offers you several other research tools, such as:

Another essential digital source of information is the

  • MLA International Bibliography which represents the best source for tracing secondary literature, especially articles and chapters in books. It will be available on CD-ROM (or in print) in your University Library. The MLA International Bibliography provides a listing and subject index for books and articles published on modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It indexes over 50 000 books and journals each year.

4.1 Digital works and authors

CD-ROMs
You can now access many literary works either online (for free) or on CD-ROM (then you will have to purchase the CD-ROM or consult it at a library that might hold it). In any case, the digitization of literature can be a great research tool as it will allow you to do specific searches in the text and in the case of online literature brings it into your house without you having to venture out to the library or the bookshop. For links to online literature, check our section on virtual libraries. There you will find many of the literary works you are studying online. To list them all individually on this page would be an infinite task. We have therefore limited our authors' page to few examples. If you are interested in CD-ROMs dedicated to particular authors, one major publisher of literature-based CD-ROMs is Chadwyck-Healey. For more information on their products click here: ProQuest and Chadwyck Healey. Their German editions are comprised in the Bibliothek Deutscher Klassiker.

Examples of digital texts and authors on the web

Literaturport
Literaturport offers an authors' dictionary which features important contemporary authors like Günter Grass, Judith Hermann, Karen Duve, Elfriede Jelinek, or Ingo Schulze right next to writers yet to be discovered. What distinguishes this dictionary from others is that each author has written his or her entry herself. Further it includes a collection of cost-free literary audio samples.

The Gutenberg Bible
This is a digitized version of the Göttingen Gutenberg Bible. Free for you to read on the net either in German or in English.

The Goethe Society of North America
The Goethe Society of North America (GSNA) is dedicated to the encouragement of research on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in the context of the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century.

Goethe's Faust
Goethe's 'Faust' I and II in English translation.

Sophie - A Digital Library of Works by German Speaking Women 
This site on German-speaking Women artists and authors is divided into sections about Literature, Film, Theatre, Art, Journalism, Colonial/Travel and Music. The Literature section on Early Women's Writing makes accessible on the net about 245 titles between 1740 and 1923. These texts, which have previously been out of print and are difficult to find, cover a broad spectrum of genres, including novels, stories, dramas, autobiographies, letters, travel journals and poetry.

Kafka Website
A site dedicated to the work and life of Franz Kafka. The site which is run by Bonn University provides access to Kafka's works online, biographical information, interpretations of his work and features many other sections. A crucial contribution to Kafka studies is their search engine which will allow you to undertake specific word searches through the whole corpus of Kafka's writings.

Theodor Storm Website
This site is dedicated to the work and life of the nineteenth-century German poet and novelist. Although the site does not contain any online versions of Storm's work, it does give summaries of them.

Researching German Exiles
The Feuchtwanger Memorial Library website provides information on German authors and artists that were forced to flee Germany during the Nazi period.

The International Brecht Society
The International Brecht Society Homepage is maintained as a service to scholars, critics, students, and theater people round the world who are interested in the works and thought of Brecht.

Bonner Kant-Korpus
This project of Bonn University is dedicated to the digitization of Immanuel Kant's works on the web.

Friedrich Hölderlin Website
This beautiful site set up by the Hölderlin society provides all kinds of useful and interesting information on the writer and also gives in parts online versions of his works. The intention is to create a full online version of Hölderlin'soeuvres.

Die Nibelungen-Handschrift Digital
Set up by the Badische Landesbibliothek, this site gives you access to a scanned version of the Nibelungen-Lied, plus additional references.

Nineteenth-Century German Stories
A treasure trow of German fairy tales and stories, this site provides online versions of classic as well as less known German fairy tales.

Europeana provides access to over 50 million digitised items - books, music, artworks and more.

4.2 e-journals

Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek Germanistik (Regensburg University)
This section of the e-journals site of the University of Regensburg specializes in german studies and contains many e-journals with open access on the web.

OPAC der Zeitschriftendatenbank - ZDB OPAC
The ZDB claims to hold the world's largest collection of data with respect to printed and digitized journals. The site belongs to the Staatsbibliothek Berlin and contains more than 1,1 Million titles in all languages from 1500 until now, providing references to the journals' locations in about 4300 German libraries.

The Directory of Open Access Journals
This service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. The aim is to cover all subjects and languages.

Elektronische Zeitschriften FU Berlin
This is a search engine which will allow you to trace journals on the web - those that are free and those for which you will need a subscription.

Elektronische Zeitschriften Bielefeld
This site will give you access or direct you to e-journals on the web from any discipline. The site belongs to the University of Bielefeld.

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture Web Journal CLCWeb
A peer-refereed quarterly of scholarship in the humanities and social sciences published online on the www through Purdue University Press.

Project Muse
Currently, Project Muse offers nearly 250 quality journal titles from 40 scholarly publishers. As one of the academic community's primary electronic journals resources, Project MUSE covers the fields of literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, education, political science, gender studies, economics, and many others. At this time, Project MUSE subscriptions are available only to institutions, so find out whether your University and or library might have a subscription.

4.3 Humanities portals and sites

Intute Arts and Humanities Hub
This site is one of the most useful for all areas of research in the Humanities. It contains links to sites within all subject areas of the Humanities and you will be offered routes to projects/organizations, primary sources, research-related sites, secondary sources, teaching and learning related sites and also bibliographical sources. It is regularly updated and continuously maintained.

The British Academy Portal
This is the British Academy's directory of online resources in the humanities and social sciences. It is designed as an entry point to resources available for those working in higher education and research, including the domain of modern languages amongst many other subjects.

Research in Modern Languages in the UK
This portal provides an online single point of reference for research interests in modern language studies across the UK. The website provides a searchable online database of research conducted by UK-based researchers to which researchers may submit their details online; searchable databases of modern languages research events and resources to which users may submit new resources and events; archives and joining instructions for an email discussion list dedicated to research in modern languages.

H-German
H-German is part of H-Net, an international consortium of scholars and teachers that coordinates Internet networks with the common objective of advancing teaching and research in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Among H-Net's most important activities is its sponsorship of over 100 free electronic, interactive newsletters ('lists') edited by scholars in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and the Pacific. The goals of H-Net lists are to enable scholars to easily communicate current research and teaching interests; to discuss new approaches, methods and tools of analysis; to share information on electronic databases; and to test new ideas and share comments on the literature in their fields.

JISCmail German studies List
This brilliant monthly web-based list will inform you about everything relevant for German studies and scholarship: conferences, jobs, fellowships, events, and various other useful things to know. If you are specializing in German History, then go to JISCmail German History.

Gabriel - Gateway to Europe's National Libraries
This is the www service of Europe's National Libraries represented in the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL). It offers information about all the National Libraries of Europe, their services and online exhibitions.

Bibliographischer Werkzeugkasten
A useful portal set up by the Universities of Nordrhein-Westfalen with information and links to search engines, address books, essay databanks, second-hand bookshops, abstract databanks, auction houses, bibliographies, libraries and the www, library-OPACs, book sales, cataloguing, biographical databanks, exhibitions, congresses, trade fairs, organizations, publishers, journal databanks, and, and, and.

Vascoda
Vascoda is a German portal, which makes accessible scientific information. Currently, 23 specialized virtual libraries and 4 major information networks (EconDoc, GetInfo, infoconnex, and EZB) are enveloped in this project.

Paperball - Zeitungsartikel Suchmaschine
Here you can find current articles on the net covering 120 German language newspapers.

germanisitik.net - internet resources for Germanists
Information on conferences, job openings, authors and German studies topics, scholarly journals, organizations and institutes, German departments around the world, research tools, German language instruction.

Deutsche Akademie
This is the home page of the 'Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung', or, 'German Academy for language and poetry', founded in 1949 in Frankfurt/Main to mark Goethe's 200th birthday. The academy unites German writers and scholars from all over the world and is solely devoted to German literature and language.

German History - Primary Sources
This well-structured portal will guide you to primary digitized sources of historical documents.

historicum.net - Geschichts- und Kunstwissenschaften im internet
This site provides internet resources and information on events, current debates and research relating to the study of history and art-history.

shoa.de
Dedicated to the memory of the Holocaust, this site features sections on the Third Reich, the Holocaust and postwar Germany. It also offers links to articles on related issues, films, books, etc.

Eighteenth-Century Resources - Literature
A great online resource for Eighteenth-Century Studies.

Künstlerdatenbank
This is a databank in which you can search for information on artists, architects and their work.

Erlangener Liste - Malerei und Graphik
This list of links is a treasure box of information about artists, museums, related resources, art history, journals and literature in general, institutions, portals, etc.

Portal Kunstgeschichte
This portal informs you about everything connected with art history: books, media, the job market, research and events.

Portal Kunstwissenschaft
Set up by the University of Düsseldorf, this prolific portal will give you millions of avenues to links on art, photography, multimedia, exhibitions, art on the net, art history, research, studies, work, women's art, etc.

Filmportal
Also available in English, this portal will tell you everything about German films, filmmakers, events, festivals, news, etc. The portal also features an interesting section on Film im Nationalsozialismus.

FabiO Film
This list put together by the Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg will provide you with many links to all kinds of film and film-studies related sites.

Kunst-und-Kultur.com
This site is dedicated to music and culture.

German Culture International
This site provides information on German language and literature at home and abroad; exhibitions of German art worldwide and art from abroad in Germany; support of artists in the fields of fine arts, music, dance and theatre; projects which promote exchanges of students and scientists, stays abroad for educational or work purposes, youth exchange programmes, German schools worldwide, the relevant libraries, multimedia services and documentationcentres for German culture and international cultural relations.

Kultur-Netz
This is a major portal for German culture inviting you to explore everything from cultural events, the arts, artists and artist's groups, to education, universities, and cultural news.

Harvard University German Studies Links
Check out this portal for many useful and inspiring sites, portals, and digital libraries concerned with German studies.

Berkeley University German Studies Links
Another rich resource for German studies.

4.4 Metaopacs

British META-OPACs

COPAC
The most searched British META-OPAC. It contains the online catalogue of 22 of the largest university research libraries in the UK and Ireland, plus the British Library catalogue.

German META-OPACs

DigiBib
Die Digitale Bibliothek - das universale Portal des Wissens. This is a search engine which will allow you to undertake meta-investigations of several German libraries at once at a regional, national and international level (however, for international parallel searches, we recommend using the KVK listed below). DigiBib is an online project of theHochschulbibliothekszentrum of Nordrhein-Westfalen (HBZ) in Cologne. When you arrive at the log-in page, you will be asked to select an institution (Einrichtung auswählen). Select 'Extern' and you can enter the site as a guest, even if you are not registered as a student at a German university.

bibvb - METAOPAC Österreichischen Bibliothekenverbundes 
This is Austria's META-OPAC embracing the online catalogues of the National Library, of University Libraries, research institutes, etc.

WEBIS Regionalbibliographien
This site has been set up by the Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg. It will allow you to access the bibliographies of the different German regions. The bibliographies contain information on regional literatures and historical figures. The WEBIS page allows you to undertake searches by selecting specific regions.

Virtuelle Deutsche Landesbibliographie
A project organized by the AG Regionalbibliographie and the UB Karlsruhe, this META-OPAC facilitates the simultaneous scouring of individual or several regional bibliographies at once.

WLB Regionalbibliographien
This work-in-progress site of the Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart comprizes not only links to the bibliographies of the different German regions, but also allows you access to regions in Switzerland and Austria.

Transnational META-OPACs

Karlsruhe Virtueller Katalog - KVK
The wonderful University of Karlsruhe Virtual Catalogue allows you to search all the major libraries and national opacsin the world at once. You can also select various regional catalogues in Germany, or select specific countries. Easy to use, flexible and highly productive.

4.5 Virtual Libraries

Babelot
A multilingual catalogue of online resources. This is a search engine that allows you to scour all major virtual libraries for texts and authors, not only in the original language but also in translations. A true resource - the kingdom of online texts as they call themselves!

Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg is the oldest producer of free electronic books (e-books or e-texts) on the internet. Its collection of more than 15 000 e-books was produced by hundreds of volunteers. Most of the Project Gutenberg e-books are older literary works that are in the public domain in the United States, but there are more than 50 texts available in German and many German authors in English translation.

Bibliotheca Augustana
Amongst other language literature collections and a virtual museum, this site allows you to access either alphabetically or chronologically samples of German literature from the 8th to the 20th century.

DiGiZeitschriften
Das Deutsche Digitale Zeitschriftenarchiv is a service which offers free access to a limited collection of German journals in different areas of expertise (or on a subscription fee extended use of all their resources).

IntraText
IntraText is a full-text digital library committed to accuracy, accessibility and usability, offering texts and corpora as lexical hypertexts. Their on-line texts are organized in a way that you can easily retrieve intra-textual information such as for example the frequency of certain words in the text. Here is a link which will permit you to access directly their Deutsche Literatur resources.

Wolfenbütteler Digitale Bibliothek - WDB
This online library of the Herzog August Bibliothek presents facsimile editions of selected items from its medieval and early modern collections which are rare, outstanding, frequently used, or currently most relevant for research. The library holds collections such as the 'Bibliotheca Julia', the 'Bibliotheca Augusta, the 'Fürstenbibliotheken des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts'. The following page will give you an insight into the different Digitization projects of theWolfenbüttel Digital Library.

Athena e-texts
On the Athena website you will be able to find online texts and documents of Swiss authors.

alo - Austrian literature online
A search engine which will allow you to access and download Austrian literature from the www.

Österreichische Literatur im World Wide Web
Not only a search engine but also portal with many useful links and information about Austrian literature, authors and culture.

The Online Medieval and Classical Library (OMACL)
This is a collection of some of the most important literary works of Classical and Medieval civilization. OMACL is an academic site, written and maintained by medieval scholars. All articles have been judged by at least two peer reviewers.