Spanish and Hispanic

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Spanish resources

Spanish resources

When you start looking for a source that is not available in your College or University library, you have several other options. You can look for it

The majority of these institutions have an online catalogue, which means you do not need to phone, email or go there. However, before choosing the institution that you think is the most likely to have your source remember that many countries (including the United Kingdom and Spain) have META-OPACs, that is, online catalogues which collect all the OPACs of a certain area. COPAC, for example, collect major British OPACs; CCPB collects Spanish major online catalogues. And there are even META-OPACs which allow to do online bibliographical searches of different nationalOPACs at once. This facility gives you the greatest overview of what is available on a trans-national level. We therefore suggest you should start by having a look at the META-OPACs relevant to Spanish Studies, included in our

Although META-OPACs permit you to scan a large amount of books (authors, titles, and subjects), this information will not include any articles. So, if you are looking for secondary literature, especially articles and chapters in books, the best way of resourcing these materials is to consult the

MLA International Bibliography which will be available on CD-ROM or in print at your University Library. The MLA International Bibliography provides a listing and subject index for books and articles published in modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It indexes over 50000 books and articles each year.

1. resources in Spain

These are organized according to three different categories on the following pages:

1.1 archives

Portal de Archivos Españoles (PARES)
This site contains links to various Spanish archives, including the Archivo Histórico Nacional, which holds historical documents, diplomatic files of ecclesiastic institutions since the 9th century, collections of stamps, maps, drawings, and private family archives. The full address of this archive is: Calle de Serano, 15; Madrid.

Archivo General de Indias
This archive holds all documentation relating to the Spanish administration of the New World.

Archivo General del Ministerio de Educación y Cultura
This archive specializes in the history of education in Spain. It preserves, organizes and promotes documents of the Spanish Educational Administration. It holds documents from the mid-19th century onwards.

Archivo Manuel de Falla
This is a centre for the study of the life and works of Manuel de Falla, and of the culture and music of the composer's time. The archive holds photographs, correspondence, posters, music concerts leaflets, manuscripts and music sheets.

1.2 cultural institutions

These are public centres which offer a variety of different resources, materials, services for the study of Spanish literatures and cultures. What we include here, is, of course, not an exhaustive summary but a list of relevant examples.

Academia de las Artes y Ciencias Cinematográficas de España
The centre is dedicated to the promotion and development of the arts and sciences relating to Spanish cinema. It supports research and publishes four different journals and magazines.

Casa de Velázquez
This centre is a French school in Madrid dependent on the French Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Research. It promotes and organizes creative and research activities related to art, languages, literature and Spanish and Iberian civilization. It also brings together artists and researchers interested in the development of artistic and scientific exchanges between France and the Iberian countries. It has a library holding 80,000 texts.

Centro Andaluz de Flamenco
The centre, located in Jérez, Cádiz, is dedicated to the study and promotion of the art of Flamenco. It holds a library with documents, journals, books, magazines and prints dedicated to Flamenco. It also holds a video and audio library. 

Centro de Documentación Musical de Andalucía
The centre is dedicated to research on the music of Andalusia, its historical heritage, links and influences with and from other world music.

Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea
The centre, located in Santiago de Compostela, exhibits and promotes Galician Contemporary Art. It has its own collections and organizes courses and conferences at various levels.

Centro Galego Artes da Imaxe
The centre is specifically dedicated to Galician visual culture. It collects and promotes research in all areas related to images, such as audiovisual and photographic material of Galician art.

Centro Multimedia de Galicia
The centre is dedicated to the promotion and improvement of multimedia services in the area of telecommunications in Galicia. It has a particularly useful network of Public libraries in Galicia. It features different catalogues, including bibliographic material, cartography, books in Galician and a digital catalogue of the Antigua Galician press. It also holds documents and collections of digital images.

Círculo de Bellas Artes
This private, charitable art institution is one of the most important of its kind in Europe. Its iconic art-deco building in central Madrid houses exhibitions, film cycles and other cultural events. 

CSIC: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas 
This is an autonomus multisectorial, multi-disciplinary public research body affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology. The CSIC has three features: it is multi-disciplinary, undertaking work in all branches of knowledge, its activities are very wide-ranging and encompass from basic research to technological development. It has a nation-wide presence, with centres or units in practically every Autonomous Region.

  • Instituto de Filosofía - CSIC
    This is dedicated to the promotion, study and research in various areas of philosophy such as theories of rationality, the historical project of modernity, language and diversity. It offers a library with specialized texts in these areas and links to its parent organization, the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

Emakunde - Instituto Vasco de la Mujer
The Basque Women's Institute is located in Vitoria and dedicated to working for the equality of women in all areas of political, economic, cultural and social life in the Basque Country. It organizes conferences, seminars and training courses for women in areas such as health, employment and legal issues. Its library is dedicated to specialized documents and audiovisual material related to gender studies.

Fundació Gala-Savador Dalí
The foundation was established by Salvador Dalí himself to preserve and promote artistic, cultural, personal material and paraphernalia and the intellectual work of the artist. It also promotes research on the artist and provides bibliographical materials, as well as manuscripts, letters, photographs and films about Dalí's contribution to the Fine Arts, culture and contemporary thought.

Fundació Joan Miró
This foundation is dedicated to the preservation and promotion of Joan Miró's artistic work. It has a collection of his work and that of other contemporary artists. It has a library specializing in the study of contemporary art.

Fundación Ortega y Gasset
This is dedicated to the promotion of debates and research in the areas of the social sciences and humanities. Its library holds José Ortega y Gasset's personal library. It also specializes in journals and audio materials and holds books in areas such as linguistics, contemporary history, Latin America, industrial relations.

Institut Català de les Dones
Its library is dedicated to specialized documents and audiovisual material related to the equality of women in Catalonia.

Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico
The institute is dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the Andalusian historical heritage through scientific studies, documents and research and the development of applied sciences and techniques. It has a centre of documentation and library, database and CD-ROMs.

Instituto Cervantes - Madrid
This is a cultural centre promoting Spanish culture and language. It offers courses in Spanish, teacher training and a library with texts in Catalan, Galician and Basque.

Instituto de la Cinematografía y de las Artes Audiovisuales
This is dedicated to financially supporting production and distribution within the cinema industry in Spain. It helps with the recuperation and restoration of film material through the Filmoteca Española, which holds audiovisual material and contains a graphic art archive and a specialized library.

Instituto de España
Its objective is to support the eight Spanish Royal academies dedicated to history, the arts, natural, exact and political sciences, the law and medicine.  It has a library with 5,000 texts and holds all journals published by the eight institutions.

Instituto de la Mujer
This institute is dedicated to promoting the social equality of women and the participation of women in culture, politics, economy and social life. It holds documents, videos and manuals about women's emancipation in Spain.

Instituto Navarro de la Mujer
The institute, located in Pamplona, offers legal, social and employment advice to women. It also has a centre for documentation related to women.

Museo de América
The Museo de América houses specimens from American prehistory to recent days, especially on pre-Colombianarchaeology, ethnography and colonial art. It has special collections of American archaeology and ethnography and a library specializing in these subjects.

Museo Arqueológico Nacional
This is the most important museum of Spanish archaeology. The specimen collection dates from prehistoric times to the 19th century. Special collections from Egypt and Greece are also held here. It has a library with holdings specializing in scientific publications on art, history, archaeology and museology and regularly holds temporary exhibitions.

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León - MUSAC
This museum's collection features works from 1989 up to the present day. Its collection comprises 1,500 pieces by nearly 400 artists.

Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao
The permanent collection has seventy seven pictures and seven sculptures from different schools from the 14th to the 20th century. It has recently acquired the triptych Las tres Gracias (1959) by Antonio Saura.

Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo - Badajoz
This museum has a permanent collection of the arts from Extremadura and the graphic art-work of Picasso. There is also a library with monographs, journals and publications specializing in Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American contemporary art.

Museo Guggenheim Bilbao
This museum has a library specializing in art of the 20th century.

Museo Nacional de Antropología
This is the most important museum of anthropology in Spain. It has a specialized library.

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia
This houses a permanent collection of Spanish artists of the 20th century. Other international artists are also featured, particularly those whose art is related to Spain. It has a library and a centre of documentation.

Museo Nacional de Escultura 
The works preserved in the Museum date from the Middle Ages to the 19th century, revealing, through their chronological sequence, what each period represented in the evolution of the artistic genres as a reflection of the society in which they were created. The original core of the collections stems from the convents in Valladolid and its surrounding area.

Museo do Pobo Galego
Founded in 1976, it preserves and investigates the material and spiritual culture of the Galicia region.

Museo Nacional del Prado
Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture, it also has important collections of drawings (more than 5,000), prints (2,000), coins and medals (around 1,000). Sculpture is represented by more than 700 works, but the picture collection, so rich both in terms of size (8,600 paintings) and quality, has eclipsed the other areas.

Museo Thyssen Bornemisza
This is one of the most important formerly private collections of painting in the country.

Museo d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona
This museum houses a comprehensive collection of Spanish, Catalonian and European modern and contemporary art.

Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya 
This museum maintains a permanent collection of Romanesque art, Catalunyan Gothic art, European masters of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, Modernisme, Noucentisme and Avant-Garde. It also houses temporary exhibitions of paintings, coins, sculpture and photography.

Museu Picasso, Barcelona 
The museum has the most important and exhaustive collection of the works of Pablo Picasso's youth, in particular those he produced between 1895 and 1904, the years in which the young artist lived in Barcelona. Also noteworthy is the very important collection of work done in 1917 and the magnificent paintings of 1957. Finally, the museum possesses a very wide representation of engravings and lithographs along with a set of forty-two pieces of ceramics.

Real Academia de Bellas Artes San Carlos - Valencia
This owns an extremely important collection of paintings, sculptures and archeological pieces, including works byVelázquez, Ribalta, El Greco, Tuset, de la Huerta and Lozano. It also preserves the most important non-Italian collection of Piranesi's engravings.

Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando - Madrid
This academy, originally established by royal decree in 1744, currently operates as an educational establishment, a museum and gallery and an archive. 

 Real Academia Española 
This academy was founded in 1713 in order to normalize the Castilian language. Nowadays its role is to maintain standards of the Castilian language.

Real Academia de la Historia
Founded in 1738, this institution owns an important collection of manuscripts and codices.

1.3 libraries


Biblioteca Nacional
This is the most important library in Spain, preserving all of Spain's publications. It holds special collections of rare books, the fine arts and cartography, as well as manuscripts, drawings, photographs and video and sound recordings. The website includes a very useful Spanish libraries directory.

Biblioteca nacional de Catalunya, Barcelona
This is the bibliographic centre for research in Catalan.


Biblioteca Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
This is the library of one of the most important universities in Spain. It offers books, audio-visual material, databases, services on cartography and special support for teaching.

Biblioteca de la Universitat de Barcelona
This is the library of the University of Barcelona. It is dedicated to the support of its own university community assisting study and teaching. It holds books, specialized journals and magazines, and provides access to electronic and digital information.

Biblioteca Universidad Complutense de Madrid
This library is considered one of the most important University libraries in Spain. It maintains, amongst many other things, the digital library 'Dioscorides', including more than 3000 digitized books.

Biblioteca de la Universidad del País Vasco
This library holds the collections of the Biblioteca Central del Campus de Leioa and 24 College and University libraries housed on different campuses. Its catalogue includes more than 800,000 monographs, 17,000 periodicals, 2,000 maps and 63,000 photographs and slides.

Bibliotecas de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
This is the library of the Autonomous University of Barcelona. One of its main libraries, Bibliotecad'Humanitats, specializes in the humanities. It holds texts, journals, CD-ROMs and audio-visual materials such as slides and DVDs.

CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales
This is an autonomous multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, public research body affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology. It possesses a wide variety of centres and facilities specialized in culture and history specific to Latin American and Arab studies. All centres provide facilities and material to undertake research projects as well as advisory, scientific and technical support.

  • Archivo del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás)
    This is the library of one of the centres belonging to CSIC, specializing in human and social sciences.
  • Escuela de Estudios Arabes - CSIC
    Also belonging to the CSIC, this school is located in Granada and specializes in Arabic studies. It holds documents and books on historiography, architecture, literature, restoration of monuments and manuscripts.
  • Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos
    Again, part of the CSIC, this school is dedicated to the study, research and publication of journals and monographs with respect to the History of the Americas. Its library is one of the most important ones in Spain and dedicated specifically to areas such as the History of Pre-Columbian America, the conquest, history of colonization, history of Indian law, history of colonial art and history of modern and contemporary Spain.

Specialized libraries

Institución Colombina - Sevilla
The Cathedral of Seville houses two important collections: the Biblioteca Colombina and the Biblioteca Capitular(Cathedral Library). The original collection contained 15,000 volumes amassed by the indefatigable bibliophile Colón, who travelled all of Europe buying books. Many of the materials have been lost over the centuries, but a manuscriptcatalogue of the original collection survived and was published in a facsimile edition in 1992. Today the BibliotecaColombina houses 3,200 volumes, of which 1,250 are incunabula and 587 are manuscripts. One of the most important items is the Libro de Profecías of Christopher Columbus. The Biblioteca Capitular possesses an outstanding collection of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque music manuscripts, maps, codices, and handwritten documents, beginning with the 13th century.

Biblioteca de Andalucía
This library is located in Granada. It specializes in the Andalusian bibliographic patrimony. It holds manuscripts, journals, special collections and official publications.

Biblioteca de Mujeres - Madrid
This library specializes in women's studies. It holds approximately 17,000 publications including works on feminism, history, health, psychology, sexuality, sports and the arts. It also holds documents issued by the Spanish Feminist Movement.

Biblioteca General de Navarra - Pamplona
This library holds bibliographic documents and films which relate to the historical heritage of Navarra. It also holds publications relating to the geography of this area.

Centro de Documentación de las Artes Escénicas de Andalucía
The library of the centre specializes in documents, publications, journals and magazines relating to the theatre and dances of Andalusia.

Centro de Documentación Musical de Andalucía
The centre is dedicated to research on the music of Andalusia, its historical heritage, links and influences with and from other world music.

ECAM: Escuela de Cinematografía y del Audiovisual de la Comunidad de Madrid
The school is dedicated to teaching in the areas of production, direction, script writing, photography, editing and sound. It holds a library and specialized rooms for the development of cinema and audio-visual aids.

Escuela Universitaria de Artes y Espectáculos
This is a private centre dedicated to the training of professionals in the areas of cinema, theatre, photography, the audio-visual and the performing arts. It has a library and materials specific to the different degrees and diplomas it offers. Access is limited to its students, although those interested can obtain daily visiting passes.

Filmoteca de Andalucía
The centre, located in Cordoba, is dedicated to the collection, promotion and development of research on theAndalusian cinematographic heritage. It has a library dedicated to film material, documentation and publications relating to the cinematic culture of Andalusia.

Filmoteca Española
This is the Spanish film library, which also has books and illustrations. It provides viewing facilities, but there is a long waiting list.

Filmoteca del País Vasco
The Basque Film Library was founded in 1978 for the purpose of researching, retrieving, archiving, conserving and screening films and other audiovisual media relevant to the study of cinema and Basque cinema in particular.

Hemeroteca Municipal de Madrid 
This public newspaper library houses an important collection of periodicals.

Museo Nacional del Prado
The library of the Prado Museum holds major collections of Spanish and non Spanish publications on art.

2. resources in the UK

There are several institutions that hold Spanish and Hispanic materials in Britain. They can be classified in the following categories:

2.1 archives

The National Archives
This is the national archive of England, Wales and the United Kingdom. It brings together and preserves the records of the central government and the courts of law. The records span an unbroken period from the 11th century to the present day. Their website runs a database search engine to help you find the records you need. They also have several searchable databases to help you find out about records held by other archives.

Arts and Humanities Data Service
As a postgraduate student in humanities you will find this service useful and relevant. It includes 5 different domains:

  • Archaeology Data Service
  • Visual Arts Data Service
  • Oxford Text Archive
  • Performing Arts Data Service
  • History Data Service.

Archives Hub is a portal bringing together descriptions of thousands of the UK's archive collections and representing nearly 300 institutions across the country.

AIM25 is a database of archives and manuscript collections from many of London's higher education institutions, learned societies, cultural organisations and City livery companies.

2.2 cultural institutions

Spanish Consulate
Their website provides access to the Spanish Consulate in London, up-to-date information about Spain, visa requirements, latest Spanish news, and travel info on Spain.

Instituto Cervantes
This is the official Spanish Government Cultural Centre, promoting Spanish language teaching and knowledge of the cultures of the Spanish speaking countries throughout the world. The institute offers a wide range of cultural activities to complement their courses. Students at the Instituto Cervantes have free access to cultural activities: Spanish and Latin American films, talks, lectures, exhibitions and concerts. The Library, which has more than 20,000 volumes, houses a collection of books, periodicals, magazines, DVDs, videos, audio-tapes, slides, CDs and CD-ROMs specializing entirely in Spanish and Latin American language and culture. Its main UK centres are in Manchester and Leeds but it also has other branches, notably in London.

Canning House
This is the Hispanic and Luso-brazilian Council and Centre of Information which aims to increase understanding between Britain, Spain, Portugal and Latin America. It promotes business, educational and cultural interests of the Spanish and Portuguese speaking world. It also maintains a small library.

SLAS: The Society for Latin American Studies
The Society for Latin American Studies (SLAS) is the principal association in the United Kingdom for those interested in the study of Latin American affairs. Its current membership numbers over 400, and includes academics, diplomats, journalists, and research analysts from business and non-governmental organizations. The Society organises an annual conference in March/April and sponsors other conferences and seminars.

Institute for the Study of the Americas (ISA)
ISA provides resources to the wider academic community, serving and strengthening national networks of NorthAmericanist, Latin Americanist and Caribbeanist scholars. The Institute actively maintains and builds ties with cultural, diplomatic and business organisations with interests in the Americas and, as part of the School of Advanced Study within the University of London, benefits from academic opportunities, facilities and stimulation across and between a wide range of subject fields in the humanities and social sciences.

Postgraduates in Latin American Studies (PILAS)
PILAS is an organisation run by and for postgraduate students which aims to foster interaction amongst postgraduates working in the field of Latin American Studies in institutions of higher education throughout the UK, as well as those in Europe and the Americas.

Latin American Bureau (LAB)
This London-based NGO promotes knowledge about Latin America. It publishes well-respected books on the region and organises cultural events.

Institute of Latin American Studies (ILAS) 
The institute for Latin American Studies at the School of Advanced Study.

Advisory Council on Latin American and Iberian Information Resources (ACLAIIR)
ACLAIIR provides information on libraries’ holdings in the Council’s fields of interest, and acts as a forum for discussion between librarians and users of Latin American and Iberian materials. The Council also examines possibilities of cooperation between libraries and individuals or bodies concerned with such materials.

Association of Hispanists of Great Britain and Ireland
The Association aims to promote scholarly research in Great Britain and Ireland into the study of the languages and cultures of the Iberian Peninsula (in particular Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Galician), and also of those countries to which these languages and cultures have spread.

The Anglo-Catalan Society
The Anglo-Catalan Society exists to promote awareness and appreciation of Catalan culture in the British Isles and to encourage cultural relations between the two communities.

WISPS: Women in Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies
This is a group of colleagues doing research in feminist studies and the role of women in British Luso-hispanism.

Apsley House
This is famously known as No.1 London, home of the 1st Duke of Wellington and the London home of the Dukes of Wellington since 1817. Their art collection includes paintings, many of which belonged originally to the Spanish Royal Collection, by Velázquez, Goya, Rubens and many others.

Bowes Museum
This is a French museum holding an outstanding collection of European fine and decorative arts of the period 1400-1875, specializing in French and Spanish paintings.

Consejería de Educación en el Reino Unido e Irlanda
This is the official site of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport of the Spanish Government.

Royal Academy of Arts
This is an independent fine arts institution that has the oldest fine arts library and archive, including a picture library which holds a Permanent Collection comprising examples of British art from the 18th century to the present day.

Warburg Institute
This institute aims to further the study of the classical tradition of European thought, literature, art and institutions. It houses an archive, library and a photographic collection. Though its library is particularly renown for its German and Italian collections, it also holds items of interest for scholars in Hispanic Studies, particularly in the area of Medieval Spanish Philosophy. 

This is an association which aims to raise awareness and understanding of Iberian and Latin American art. Based in the UK and Ireland, it has members throughout Europe and in America.

UK Council for Area Studies Associations (UKCASA)
An umbrella body for Area Studies programmes in higher education, UKCASA acts to promote the regional approach to study, to develop collaboration and to encourage interdisciplinary research and teaching.

2.3 libraries

We cannot list all the libraries in the UK holding Spanish resources. So before checking one of the larger libraries on this page, always search the catalogues of your University library first, and those which are in your neighbourhood. University libraries tend to have different specialisms depending on the research interests of the lecturers and researchers associated with the institution, so collections may vary considerably. Be creative when doing your research and use COPAC to locate your materials.

The British Library
The British Library is one of the world's most important libraries. It holds over 150 million items. You can search thecatalogues and order copies of some documents online. You will also find many electronic resources. Access is free but you need to get a reader's pass. Photocopying, microfilming, photographic and digital services are available but be warned: charges are high. If you can copy the materials elsewhere, then do so. See the special webpages dedicated to the Hispanic Collections of the British Library.

Bodleian Library at Oxford
This is the main research library of Oxford University, and, in Britain, is second in size only to the British Library, having a stock of 6 million volumes. Admission is free to members of Oxford University, and to other bona fide scholars on production of a suitable letter of recommendation and proof of identity. Graduate students affiliated to universities and colleges funded by the higher education funding councils of the UK or the Republic of Ireland are exempt from payment.

Cambridge University Library
This library has more than 5 million books and more than 1.5 million serial volumes. For vacation access only your student ID is required, although during term time and for the section Manuscripts & Rare Books you have to produce a letter from your supervisor. Students from universities outside the UK are subject to an administration charge of£10 for six months.

The Taylor Institution Library (Oxford)
The Taylor Institution Library is devoted to modern languages and has a total stock of over 500,000 volumes - it is the largest specialist library in its field in the UK. Its collection concentrates on the literary and philological aspects of continental European culture, but also contains much background materials in fields such as history and philosophy.

John Rylands University of Manchester Library
You will find here holdings of specialized library collections, including manuscripts, early printed books, and rare materials.

University of London Library: Senate House
The University of London Library is one of the major academic libraries of the United Kingdom. Access is free for all postgraduates and you have to show proof of identity and get a card. However, lending rights are only given automatically to University of London students and staff. Anyone else has to pay a fee (there are various different categories). Photocopying (also onto CDs) is available at a reasonable rate.

British Film Institute Library
The BFI Library provides access to a large collection of documentation and information on film and television including Spanish films and scripts.

The National Art Library - Victoria and Albert Museum
NAL is both a major reference library and the Victoria and Albert Museum's curatorial department for the art, craft and design of the book, with a special collection of prints, drawings and paintings.

Institute for the Study of the Americas Library
The Library of the Institute of Latin American Studies/ University of London, maintains a collection of research and reference materials. It plays a leading role in the development of Latin American collections in the University of London, and in the European coordination of documentation on Latin America. The Library is open for reference purposes to all academic staff and postgraduate students of the University of London. Borrowing from the monograph collection is restricted to the Institute's staff and students.

3. resources in the rest of the world

3.1 archives

Latin American libraries and archives

This online resource is part of LANIC (Latin American Network Information Center) and lists all major Latin American libraries by country.

New Mexico State Records Center & Archives
You will find here manuscript records of the Spanish administrative, judicial, and military government of New Mexico from 1621 to 1821 and manuscripts and maps related to land and land transactions (including land ownership, wills, land grants, and litigation) during New Mexico's Spanish and Mexican periods.

International Council on Archives (ICA)
The International Council on Archives (ICA) is dedicated to the advancement of archives worldwide. You can use their search engine to locate and identify national and other archives in Spain and Hispanic countries.

Unesco Archives Portal: Spain
This portal will give you access to links and information about Spanish archives, both national and those attached to universities, museums and libraries. Use their Categories page in order to trace different kinds of Hispanic and other archives around the world.

Archives Portal Europe provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent. 

3.2 cultural institutions

Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma - CSIC
This school, located in Rome, belongs to the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and holds a library specializing in Spanish History and Archaeology. It also holds special collections of Roman topography, archaeology of Italy and the Mediterranean, Art and Ancient histories.

Instituto Cervantes in New York
This is a worldwide non-profit organization created by the Spanish government in 1991. It is the largest organization in the world devoted to the teaching of Spanish. It maintains a presence in over twenty countries throughout thirty-six centres devoted to Spanish and Hispanic American culture and Spanish Language. In New York City, InstitutoCervantes works in collaboration with other institutions in organizing cultural activities such as lectures, book presentations, concerts, art exhibitions, The Spain Film Festival and Festival of Flamenco.

Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (SALALM)
SALALM's primary missions are the control and dissemination of bibliographic information about all types of Latin American publications and the development of library collections of Latin Americana in support of educational research. SALALM is the only international forum focused exclusively on collection development and services in libraries with Latin American collections. It provides links to Latin American Libraries and Collections in both Latin America and the rest of the world.

Latin American Studies Association (LASA)
LASA is a US-based association for individuals and institutions engaged in the study of Latin America. It has over 5,500 members, with a significant percentage residing outside the United States. The organization published the Latin American Research Review (LARR), hosts a biannual conference and its website provides updates on employment and research opportunities. LASA’s list of resources for Latin Americanists provides links to databases and resource centres, mostly based in the United States.

Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO)
CLACSO is an international non-governmental organization for the study of social sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean. Created in 1967, it is a network of research institutions and postgraduate programmes in the social sciences from 21 countries within the region, and aims to promote research and teaching of the region as well as cooperation between institutions both within and outside Latin America.

Consejería de Educación en Estados Unidos
The Office of Education and Science of the Embassy of Spain in the United States deals with numerous services and programmes.

3.3 libraries

LibDex - Library Index
This is a portal that enables you to access 18.000 libraries worldwide.

The European Library (previously Gabriel)
This portal allows you access all the National Libraries of Europe, offering information about their services and online exhibitions. - el portal de los universitarios
This portal includes a section devoted to libraries. Simply choose a particular country and click on 'libraries'.

Latin American libraries and archives
This is part of LANIC (Latin American Network Information Center) and lists all major Latin American libraries by country.

4. virtual resources

Besides descriptions and catalogues of real libraries and archives, you can find on the Net numerous virtual libraries, that is, websites containing the transcriptions of entire texts. We suggest that you should have recourse to them only for the first reading, or in order to search for particular words or phrases. If you need to quote those texts in your thesis or papers, you should refer to printed editions, whose philological accuracy is more easily verifiable. On the other hand, the Net offers you several other research tools, such as:

  • META-OPACs: these are search engines that allow you to scan materials of several library catalogues at once.
  • humanities portals and sites, that is, portals/sites devoted to different aspects and fields of humanities
  • digital works and authors, that is, web-sites devoted to individual authors or works
  • e-journals, that is, periodicals published only (or also) online.

Another essential digital source of information is the

  • MLA International Bibliography which represents the best source for tracing secondary literature, especially articles and chapters in books. It will be available on CD-ROM or in print at your University Library. The MLA International Bibliography provides a listing and subject index for books and articles published on modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It indexes over 50000 books and articles each year.

4.1 digital works and authors

You can now access many literary works either online (for free) or on CD-ROM (then you will have to purchase the CD-ROM or consult it at a library that might hold it). In any case, the digitization of literature can be a great research tool as it will allow you to do specific searches in the text and in the case of online literature brings it into your house without your having to venture out to the library or the bookshop. For links to online literature, check our section on virtual libraries. There you will find many of the literary works you are studying online. To list them all individually on this page would be an infinite task. We have therefore limited our authors' page to a few examples. If you are interested in CD-ROMs dedicated to particular authors, one major publisher of literature-based CD-ROMs is Chadwyck-Healey. For more information click here: ProQuest and Chadwyck Healey.

Examples of digital authors

Centro Virtual Cervantes 
This page contains monographic studies on over 40 Spanish-language authors, which include biographical information and selected extracts from their work.

The Cervantes Project
A comprehensive reference and research site dedicated to the study of Cervantes' works and life, including bibliographies and digitized texts.

Fundación Federico García Lorca 
This is the webpage of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, whose fundamental purpose is to promote the study and diffusion not only of the Spanish poet's own work, but also of the numerous artistic endeavors which influenced or were influenced by Lorca.

Fundación Pablo Neruda
This is the website of the Pablo Neruda Foundation offering bibliographies, reproductions of his major works and critical essays.

Europeana provides access to over 50 million digitised items - books, music, artworks and more.

4.2 e-journals

Prensa Latina
This link gives you direct access to major Latin American newspapers, magazines and specialized press in Spanish.

e-misférica is a biannual, peer reviewed, online journal published by the Hemispheric Institute of Performance and Politics.
The journal publishes scholarly essays, multimedia artist presentations, and book and performance reviews in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Each issue focuses on a specific theme, exploring intersections of performance and politics in the Americas. Past issues have addressed topics such as performance and democracy, Native American performance, sexualities and politics, performance and the law, border performance and the political uses of affect.

ReVista: Harvard Review of Latin America
Published three times yearly, this periodical publication focuses on different themes related to Latin America, Latinos/as and the Iberian peninsula. The magazine-length publication brings together different voices on each theme, highlighting the work of Harvard faculty, students, alumni and Visiting Scholars.

This Argentina-based magazine is published biannually and features critical studies and essays on Latin American culture.

The Latin Americanist
As the oldest continuously published Latin American Studies journal, The Latin Americanist is dedicated to comprehensive, multidisciplinary and tri-lingual coverage of the field, including Latin American history, literature, political science and anthropology. Published on behalf of the Southeastern Council on Latin American Studies (SECOLAS) The Latin Americanist publishes high-quality, peer-reviewed original articles, review essays, book reviews and SECOLAS in two semi-annual issues. With articles in three languages (English, Spanish, and Portuguese), TLAserves as an important international resource for all individuals concerned with Latin American Studies.

The Romance Sphere
Harvard University's Romance Studies Department's online publication publishes reviews, essays, videos and other materials pertaining to the culture, history, and society of countries, regions or communities where a Neo-Latin language is spoken.

Tulane University - E-journals list
This is a rich list of e-journals with topics covering everything from popular culture and fashion to science, from architecture to literature. There is a particularly good selection of electronic periodicals on Latin America and the Caribbean. Some of the journals are freely accessible, while an Athens account is required for others.

MUSE Project
The MUSE Project was launched in 1995 by the Johns Hopkins University Press, in collaboration with the Milton S. Eisenhower Library at Johns Hopkins University, to offer the full text of JHUP scholarly journals via the world wide web. In 1999, Muse expanded to become a unique partnership of not-for-profit publishers, increasing its ability to offer essential periodicals in the humanities, the arts and the social sciences. Currently, Project MUSE offers over 220 quality journal titles from 37 scholarly publishers. As one of the academic community's primary electronic periodicals resources, Project MUSE covers the fields of literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, education, political science, gender studies, economics and many others.

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture Web Journal CLCWeb
This is a peer-refereed quarterly of scholarship in the humanities and social sciences published online by Purdue University Press.

4.3 humanities portals/sites

Intute Arts and Humanities Hub
This site contains links to sites within all subject areas of the Humanities (simply click on Spanish Studies in this case) and you will be offered routes to projects/organizations, primary sources, research-related sites, secondary sources, teaching and learning related sites and also bibliographical sources. Unfortunately, its funding was discontinued in 2011. The site will be live for a further three years (i.e. until 2014), but it is no longer being updated. 

America Latina Portal Europeo
This portal helps researchers locate online material relating to Latin America. Conference and research group papers from all over the world are available, as are the tables of contents of most journals publishing material relating to Latin America. Researchers can ‘deposit’ their work in the webpage’s ‘open archive’. The portal also provides information on upcoming conferences and events relating to Latin American studies.

The British Academy Portal
This is the British Academy's directory of online resources in the humanities and social sciences. It is designed as an entry point to resources available for those working in higher education and research, including the domain of modern languages amongst many other subjects.

The Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
LANIC is affiliated with the Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas, Austin. it is an internet-based information system which provides access to resources about Latin America, particularly to aid in research and academic studies of the region.

The Argentina Research Students Network (ARSN)
ARSN brings together postgraduate students from a wide range of disciplines who have a research interest in Argentina. It provides a forum that aims to improve interaction, the dissemination of information, sharing of research and fostering of academic discussion among student researchers of Argentina in the UK or those who work through UK universities. It collaborates with broader Latin American networks and institutions to stage joint workshops and events whilst maintaining a country-specific focus.

Centre for Languages, Linguistic and Area Studies
This portal provides an online single point of reference for research interests in modern language studies across the UK. The website provides a collection of peer-reviewed articles and a series of area studies library collections, as well as an archive project containing details of all completed projects the centre has taken part in since its establishment in 2000. 

The European Library - previously Gabriel
This is the World Wide Web service of Europe's National Libraries represented in the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL). It offers information about all the National Libraries of Europe, their services and online exhibitions.

Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
Official website of the ministry of education in Spain, with directories of institutions promoting education, culture and sport.

Sí, Spain
An interactive service for the free exchange of information on Spanish current affairs and the historical, linguistic and cultural development of Spain, originally promoted and supported by the Embassy of Spain in Canada and now under the auspices of the General Directorate for Cultural Affairs within the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. - el portal de los universitarios
This portal facilitates access to the digital libraries of many Spanish universities.

Red Conceptualismos del Sur
This is a network of researchers on Latin American Art.

Humanidades en América Latina
This portal has been organized by LANIC (Latin American Network Information Center) and lists numerous websites devoted to Latin American Architecture, Art, History, Languages, Literature, Music, Performing Arts and Philosophy.

Hemispheric Institute of Performance and Politics
A collaborative, multilingual and interdisciplinary network of institutions, artists, scholars, and activists throughout the Americas. Its website houses a vast collection of materials, including hundreds of hours of video footage, artists' profiles and discussion forums. 

Out of the Wings
This online resource, the result of a three-year AHRC collaboration between King's College London, Queen's University Belfast and the University of Oxford, aims to make the riches of the theatres of Spain and Spanish America accessible to English-speaking researchers and theatre professionals.

A portal to written, sound and visual information about the history and cultural development of Hispanic individuals and communities in the United States. 

4.4 metaopacs

British META-OPACs

This is the most searched British META-OPAC. It contains the online catalogue of 22 of the largest university research libraries in the UK and Ireland, plus the British Library catalogue. 

The Handbook 
The site is a searchable directory of Latin American Studies and Caribbean Studies research resources in the UK. The research portal is provided by the Institute for the Study of the Americas, in association with JISLAC, SLAS, SCS and the British Academy. The site displays lists of academic staff, theses in progress or completed in Latin American and/or Caribbean Studies, and a database of UK universities that run courses focused on Latin America and/or the Caribbean.

Spanish and Hispanic META-OPACs

Catálogo Colectivo Patrimonio Bibliografico Español - CCPB
The Spanish Bibliographic Heritage Union Catalogue is geared to inventory and describe the bibliographic heritage in Spanish public and private libraries. In August 2003, this catalogue contained 580,821 records describing different editions of material printed between the 15th and 21st centuries, and also information about 1,323,946 holdings placed in approximately 625 libraries.

Bibliotecas españolas y de todo el mundo 
This is a portal listing and giving direct online access to all major Spanish and foreign libraries.

Bibliotecas y centros de documentación en RedIRIS 
The 'Spanish research and academic libraries' catalogue enables you to search through all major Spanish research libraries.

Dialnet - Universidad de La Rioja
This search engine allows you to search through 56 Spanish and Latin American University libraries, four public libraries (including Spain's Biblioteca Nacional), and 10 specialised libraries.

Transnational META-OPACs

Karlsruhe Virtueller Katalog - KVK
The wonderful University of Karlsruhe Virtual Catalogue allows you to search all the major libraries and national Opacsin the world at once. This is a truly indispensable resource.

4.5 virtual libraries

This is a search engine that allows you to scour all major virtual libraries.

Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes 
The 'Biblioteca de las culturas hispánicas' is a virtual library dedicated to the study of Spanish literature, with key texts online.

Catalonian Manuscripts
These are digitized Catalonian manuscripts from the collection of The Bancroft Library (University of California, Berkeley). 

Electronic Text Collections in Western European Literature
This page lists Internet sources for literary texts in the western European languages other than English.

Golden Age Spanish Sonnets
This is an ongoing project whose primary purpose is to provide online verse translations of Golden Age Spanish sonnets to English-speaking readers.

Red de Bibliotecas Virtuales de Ciencias Sociales de América Latina y el Caribe
This site, run by CLACSO, offers open access information to a selection of books, journals, and bibliographic resources in Spanish, Portuguese and English. 

Labyrinth Library: Iberian texts
A collection of Medieval Iberian texts, included in the Virtual Library for Medieval Studies.

Launched by the Spanish Ministry of Culture, this Internet-based portal permits simple and complex keyword searching of archives in Spain, and in many cases provides digital document retrieval. It links to 19 million images and ca 1.7 million documents and manuscripts.

Biblioteca Digital Hispánica - Biblioteca Nacional
Spain's Biblioteca Nacional's virtual library contains digital versions of some of the library's holdings. Researchers might find its Hemeroteca Digital, which allows access to hundreds of historical Spanish newspapers and periodicals, particularly useful.

Hemeroteca Nacional Digital de México
This online resource allows access to digital versions of national and local dailies and other periodicals.