At its heart History is an interdisciplinary subject – with
connections to archaeology, English studies, philosophy,
geography and other disciplines. There is, therefore, no
simple and comprehensive list that can be drawn up to describe
all types of data produced by historians. In general,
however, we can break up data into the following categories.
compiled: This is data that can be reproduced by
examining the same sources. The most obvious is data
gathered from primary and/or secondary sources, but it would
also include more complex methods such as text and data mining,
databases, and 3D modelling.
is data captured ‘in the moment’ and includes oral history and
is more one for the sciences; however historians do experiment
especially when crossing other disciplines such as archaeology
rare for historians, but simulations can sometimes occur to
create models over time and to test those models. This
form of data is often statistical.
One of the most common types of data produced by historians is
text. This might simply be notes derived from other
texts, lectures or jotted down thoughts and ideas, but it could
also be more structured. Transcriptions and translations
are common, as are rough drafts or annotated texts.